G. Paper Assignment 11th of May 2005
-Quotable quotes -Difference between science and technology -Benefits of science -Dangers represented by science
“I am among those who think that science has great beauty. A scientist in his laboratory is not only a technician: he is also a child placed before natural phenomena which impress him like a fairy tale.” Marie Curie (1867 – 1934)
“There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conjecture out of such a trifling investment of fact.” Mark Twain (1835 - 1910)
“Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men.” Martin Luther King Jr. (1929 - 1968),
“In science the credit goes to the man who convinces the world, not the man to whom the idea first occurs.” Sir Francis Darwin (1848 - 1925),
“Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955),
“There are no such things as applied sciences, only applications of science.” Louis Pasteur (1822 - 1895)
Difference between Science & Technology
Technology is the general term used to describe the processes by which human beings fashion tools and machines to increase their control and understanding of the material environment
Science is the term used, in its broadest meaning, to denote systematised knowledge in any field, but applied usually to the organisation of objectively verifiable sense experience.
The word “science” is derived from the Latin words scientia, from scire, “to know”.
The pursuit of knowledge in science is known as pure science, to distinguish it from applied science, which is the search for practical uses of scientific knowledge, and from technology, through which applications are realised. Many historians of science argue that technology is an essential condition of advanced, industrial civilization but science is that field of study which has contributed enormously towards the development of technology
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
The word “technology” is derived from the Greek words tekhnç, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, meaning an area of study; thus, technology means, literally, the study, or science, of crafting.
Technology is the systematic study of techniques for making and doing things whereas science is the systematic attempt to understand and interprete the world
Often the terms, technology and science, are confused. Technology is said to be "applied science". This is not true. Science deals with the natural world. Technology is the study of the natural laws which govern the universe.
Science tells us that objects will fall to the earth (law of gravity). Science explains why only certain plants are found on the Mojave Desert (plant ecology). Science tells us that steel exposed to oxygen will rust (chemistry). On the other hand, technology deals with the human-made world. It is the study of ways people develop and use technical means - tools and machines. It tells us how to control the natural and human-made world. It is the study of the ways people use these technical means to transport, manufacture, construct, and communicate.This is not to say science and technology are unrelated. Science deals with "understanding" while technology deals with "doing". Science helps us know how to do something efficiently.
Benefits of Science
(Using the S H E E E C S P P P technique)
Science has contributed a lot to society. It has helped us to improve our lives a lot in the sense that it has enabled the development of modern technology. Medical science has increased life expectancy is society.
Study of natural radioactive elements (like carbon-14) has enabled archaeological dating. We are now able to date historical artifacts accurately. The history of the world is also studied (Formation of earth, ancient...