School Drop Outs/Labeling Theory & Social Learning Theory

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School Dropouts
Florida A&M University

Abstract
Over the years dropout rates have decreased but still target African Americans and Hispanics mostly in our society today. Nowadays they are labeled to fail based on race, background, pregnancy, and/or peers. Since the 1970s, there has been a growing effort to improve high school graduation rates. In 1983, the National Commission on Excellence in Education sounded the alarm because U.S. educational standards had fallen behind other major industrialized countries (Wikipedia, 2011). The commission called for a reform of the nation's educational system in fundamental ways and a renewal of the nation's commitment to high-quality education (Suh & Suh, 2007). This racial profile reaches nearly one half for dropouts. Blacks and Hispanics are already judged to be delinquents so only by dropping out would put them at a greater measure (Sweeten, Bushway, & Patemoster, 2009). Although receiving an education is important to success later in life, students who are dropping out of high school and not receiving a high school diploma is a problem that our country is facing. Recent data shows that there is about a 12 percent dropout rate and that the dropout rate of more secluded areas can increase to about 20 or even 40 percent. School Dropouts

There’s good and bad outcomes of being a school drop-out. Compared to high school graduates, adolescents who drop out of school are more likely to have a range of negative outcomes, including lower verbal capacities; however, the true nature of this association is not well-understood. Dropping out of school could have an important effect on reducing verbal skills, or the link between dropping out of school and diminished verbal skills could be a spurious association that is the result of unmeasured confounding variables (Vaughn, Beaver, Wexler, Delisi, & Roberts, 2011). On the other hand, there are some that have no college degree and have high paying...
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