Schizophrenia

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Introduction
Mr. Apo a 49yr old male single patient in dorm two was born on March 12, 1960. He weighs 74 pounds and height of 5’10. He lived at barrio matalaba lingayen. He has a Filipino nationality and his religion is Roman Catholic. His educational attainment was and year college only. He was admitted at NCMH on August 13, 1960, involuntarily and accompanied by his relatives especially his sister Arlene. His sister decided to admit Mr. Apo due to unwanted behavioral changes like restlessness and Sleeping disturbance. He was diagnosed as undifferentiated schizophrenia and now his current diagnosis was undifferentiated schizophrenia. Undifferentiated schizophrenia is amental disorder  which is part of the family of disorders broadly known as“schizophrenia.” There are a number of subcategories of schizophrenia including paranoid schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, residual schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder ; undifferentiated schizophrenia is oftendefined as a form in which enough symptoms for a diagnosis are present, but the patient does not fall into the catatonic, disorganized, or paranoid subcategories. Schizophrenia is characterized by a lack of grounding in reality, known as  psychosis. People in a state of psychosis can experience hallucinations, delusions, and other events in which they break from reality. Individuals with schizophrenia experience psychosis and can also develop symptoms such as disorganized speech, lack of interest in social  

interactions, a flat affect, inappropriate emotional responses to situations, confusion, and disorganized thinking.Patients with undifferentiated schizophrenia do not experience the  paranoia associatedwith paranoid schizophrenia, the catatonic state seen in patients withcatatonic schizophrenia, or the disorganized thought and expression observed in patients with disorganized schizophrenia. However, they do experience psychosis and a variety of other symptoms associated with schizophrenia, including behavioral changes which may be noticeable to family and friend. Psychopathology Causes

One of the reasons for the ongoing difficulty in classifying schizophrenic disorders is incomplete understanding of their causes. It is thought that these disorders are the end result of a combination of genetic, neurobiological, and environmental causes. A leading neurobiological hypothesis looks at the connection between the disease and excessive levels of dopamine, a chemical that transmits signals in the brain (neurotransmitter). The genetic factor in schizophrenia has been underscored by recent findings that first-degree biological relatives of schizophrenics are ten times as likely to develop the disorder as are members of the general population. Prior to recent findings of abnormalities in the brain structure of schizophrenic patients, several generations of psychotherapists advanced a number of psychoanalytic and sociological theories about the origins of schizophrenia. These theories ranged from A Case Study of Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

A Case Study in Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
Introduction
According to the DSM-IV-TR in order to diagnose schizophrenia, a person must exhibit two of the following symptoms for at least one month: hallucinations, delusions, catatonic disorganized or grossly disorganized behavior, disorganized speech and/or negative symptoms such as affective flattening, alogia, a decrease in speech or avolition, the lack of motivation (Meyer, Chapman & Weaver, 2009). If the hallucinations involve a running commentary of the individuals behavior or two or more voices conversing or if the delusions are bizarre, then only one symptom is needed to diagnose schizophrenia. Although the symptoms must be present for only one month, signs of the disorder must last at least six months. There are five subtypes of schizophrenia listed in the DSM-IV-TR: paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated and residual....
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