Throughout this assignment I will be demonstrating knowledge of different types of abuse and safeguarding in the adults. There are several identified forms of abuse physical, sexual, emotional, financial and neglect. The prevention of each type is crucial to the well being of both adult and family members. Abuse can consist of single or repeated acts but still has possible damaging effects. An adult is considered abused if he/she is treated in an unacceptable way; however there are variations of opinion about what defines abuse. Vulnerable adults are people who are at greater than normal risk of abuse. Older people, especially those who are unwell, frail, confused and unable either to stand up for themselves or keep track of their affairs, are vulnerable. Other vulnerable adults include people who are open to abuse because of learning difficulties, physical disabilities or mental illness. Becoming dependant on someone else, whether a carer, family member, friend or professional health worker (such as a staff member in a residential or nursing home or hospital), can put vulnerable people at risk of abuse. Abusers may create a feeling of dependency and may also make the vulnerable person feel isolated; that nobody else cares for them and that they’re on their own. Broadly speaking, a vulnerable adult is aged 18 or over, receives or may need community care services because of a disability, age or illness, and who is or may be unable to take care of themselves or protect themselves against significant harm or exploitation.
Physical elder abuse: is non-accidental use of force against an elderly person that results in physical pain, injury, or impairment. This entails soft tissue injuries pinching, scratching, slapping, internal harm such as broken bones/organ (fabricated illness) or burns and scalds. Signs of physical abuse may also be in delay of seeking medical advise, the incident lacks detail or inconsistent and when the adult presents with repeated injuries over a time scale. The harm caused by physical abuse can range from minor to traumatic injuries, which could possible lead to death.
Sexual abuse: is another form of abuse in elderly/adults. This is any kind of sexual behaviour directed towards an older adult without the person's full knowledge and consent. It includes sexual assault, sexual harassment, and rape. Sexual abuse can happen to mentally capable adults by their spouse, partner, a family member or trusted people in their lives. It can also happen to mentally incapable adults. Adults of all ages and of either sex can be usually abused. The exposure to indecent acts, touching or being forced to touch another person in a sexual manner, pornographic content, vaginally and anally rape, being subject to sexual innuendoes and harassment. In order to determine theses types of abuse the adult may present with pain or injury to the genital, annual or abdominal area, bruising or bleeding in genital area, withdrawal, self inflicted injury and changes in behaviour.
Emotional or psychological abuse: is any action, which has an adverse effect on an individual's mental well being, causes suffering and effects their quality of life and ability to function to their full potential. This may include the threat that other types of abuse could take place or a situation where a person is led to believe that this could happen. This includes being bullied, harassed, humiliated, ignored, being manipulated into making decisions. Removing or losing significant personal effects, which are part of a person's individual personal history. Financial Abuse: Everyone has the right to the money and property that is legally theirs. Financial abuse is the theft or misuse of money or personal possessions, which involves an individual's resources being used to the advantage of another person. This may include Money or possessions stolen, borrowed or withheld without permission,...
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