For 18 years ago the world's media focused on a small, poor and relatively unknown country. It was during this period that the genocide in Rwanda began, and nearly 800 000 people were deprived of their life’s. The intense media coverage gave us the opportunity to behold one of modern time’s worst human disasters since the holocaust. The world witnessed when schoolchildren were killed by their teachers and women of their men, these were mainly Tutsis who were killed by Hutus by using all available tools. The genocide meant that about 9 percent of the population died in the bloodbath. A bloodbath that I believe could be Prevented. PREVENTION When the genocide in Rwanda started, the surrounding world could take action but instead we chose to close our eyes even though they knew about the rough situation the Rwanda population lived in. A ground laying fault was that the surrounding world chose to not classify what happened in Rwanda as genocide, and they could in that way hide behind the convention. The genocide conventions criteria’s for genocide are too small and old, which is the reason why the UN chose not to take action in the Rwanda genocide. Genocide defines through the genocide convention as actions that are committed to destroy a group on national, ethnic, racial or religious grounds. The United States could have played a big part in the genocide, and effect it in so many ways but they said “it did not represent one of the countries big interests” and spread their message along to other countries so they would also reject any help to Rwanda. The smallest thing as a realization of the problem could have saved the problem that occurred, because then the UN could have responded much quicker. If the UN would get “permission” from the United States, the UN could have gone in Rwanda with peacekeeping troops. The United States is since the Versailles agreement the world father and middle hand between the UN and other countries. United States is today considered as the only super power in the world, and as an effect of that they are also very influential on the UN’s decision body. Rwanda has never in our history any resource in which other countries can use, they are not members in the UN and that is why it fell naturally for the other countries to ignore the situation.
WHY DID IT HAPPEND 1994? If u look at the situations in Rwanda, both 1959 and 1994 they had a common denominator which is the troubled political power struggle. In 1959 during the Hutu revolution, the country was undergoing decolonization but before it could happen the Belgians said it was necessary to democratize the country. This resulted in several democratic reforms were introduced and many political parties took form. These parties were often grouped on ethnicity and the consequence of this was an ethnic power battle. The uprising of the ethnic parties can be explained by the colonial system and its destruction on the cohesion. The situation in 1959 had the same assumption as the genocide in 1994, but it was just the start of the conflict which needed tens of years to develop and eventually escalate. During the Hutu revolution, the genocide agenda was driven by the Hutu party Aprosoma. They had few sympathizers in the electorate and therefore they had a small impact on the population. The party got 3.5 % of the total votes during the election 26 June 1960. To start genocide you have to have enough power and people behind you as support to drive through the genocide agenda, it is therefore unlikely that a small party as Aprosoma could implement a genocide. Unlike the Hutu revolution, the genocide in Rwanda had strong political leaders who drew the genocide agenda. The genocide in Rwanda was a plot that was planned and implemented by the Hutu party MRND (National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development). During many years the political...
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