Romanticism by Jostein Gaarder
The Romanticism is a movement commonly known as Romantic Movement, which begins in the very beginning of the 19 th century and flourished in the middle of the 19 th century. It was a movement in philosophy and literature as a reaction to the previous age of reason of Kant. The age of reason had certain norms and values on literature: it was believed that literature is the product of mind so reason, logic, intellect, talent, wit etc were the catch terms is the age or reason similarly it was also considered that a writer is a god gifted man born to be the writer .
Literature was considered as the product of complex human mind so it should have complex language with satire, irony and metaphorical elements. The complete literature of the age of reason was beyond the city life. Romanticism is the reaction of the age of reason that has brought new ideas, norms and values that were different from the values of the previous age. Instead of mind, Romanticism gave importance to heart, so literature was considered as the product of human heart. The catch terms in the romanticism were passion, emotion, feelings, yearning, dream, fantasy, etc. Similarly, romantic writers and philosophers rejected the city life and accepted the rustic countryside natural human life. As the romantic writers were influenced by Rousseau, slogan 'back to nature', they adopted natural life as the subject matter of their study. Similarly, they have also changed the language; literature instead of complete ironic and satiric language, they used simple and common language spoken by the ordinary people of the countryside. So Romanticism was developed as a reaction to the age of reason. There were certain romantic philosophers and writers. Navalis Beet haven and Schiller are the well-known romantic philosophers. Blake, Words worth, Coleridge, Shelley and Byron are the well romantic writers or poets. These philosophers as well as the writers had...
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