Roman Empire

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WORLD HISTORY – UNIT 2: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS II
ROME: PRE-REPUBLIC AND REPUBLIC

But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, (Galatians 4:4). "The fullness of time" is an expression full of meaning. Jesus came at just the right time. Culturally, God had prepared the way by spreading Greek civilization around the Mediterranean so that the Greek language and mode of categorical thought were common. In the next few lessons, you will consider the Roman Empire's history and cultural contributions as well as the role of Christianity. Here is your goal for this lesson:

* Identify key events and leaders of each of the first two divisions of Roman history: Pre-Republic and Republic.

consuls| Chief magistrates of the ancient Roman Republic; now an official appointed by his government to live in a foreign city.| patrician| Person of noble birth; aristocrat.|
plebeian| Having to do with the common people.|
tribunes| Officials of ancient Rome, now any government official appointed to defend people and their rights.|

HISTORY

Rome's history may be divided into three parts: Pre-Republic, Republic, and Empire. In this lesson the first two parts will be discussed. The era of the Roman Empire and its decline are discussed in separate lessons. Pre-Republic. The origins of Rome are uncertain. Legends about the city's establishment contradict each other. The best-known legend tells of Rome's founding by twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, about 750 B.C. In this story, they were the sons of the Roman god of war, Mars. As infants, they were nursed by a wild wolf. Later, they were discovered by a shepherd and his wife, who raised them as their own sons. Another legend says that Rome was founded by a Trojan warrior around 1100 B.C. A more believable explanation is that several villages grouped together for protection and established a public square and market place called a forum on a central hill and that the city grew up around this forum. People called Latins were living on the site of Rome 700 years before Christ. For many years Rome was no more than a farming village. Five hundred years before Christ, Rome was controlled by the neighboring Etruscans from Etruria, who for a time controlled all Latium. The lifestyle of the ancient Romans centered on family . The father, by law, was the absolute head of the home and master of his wife. Roman practice was very uplifting to women, despite what might seem a strict code. Whereas in Greece women were kept in separate parts of the house and not allowed a public life, Roman women were active in the social lives of their husbands, attended meetings of the Forum, and did business in the city. The Roman practice was monogamy: marriage by one woman to one man. This custom of monogamy was a further safeguard to the place of women in Roman society.

Problem Number: 1
Student Grade: D (67%)
The three historical divisions of Roman history are:

Problem Number: 2
Student Grade: A (100%)
Two brothers who, according to legend, are responsible for the founding of Rome were and . Problem Number: 3
Student Grade: A (100%)
Five hundred years before Christ, Rome was controlled by neighboring . Problem Number: 4
Student Grade: A (100%)
The lifestyle of ancient Romans centered around the .
Problem Number: 5
Student Grade: A (95%)
Romans practiced , meaning that a man married only one woman. The Republic. Republican Rome began in 509 B.C., when the native Latins rebelled against the Etruscan king Tarquinius Superbus. The Roman Republic was governed by the Senate, a body of noblemen representing the wealthiest and most influential families. The upper class of Rome was known as the patrician class. The lower class was the plebeian class. In the early Republic, only patricians could hold public office. They alone had the full rights of citizens. Plebeians...
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