ROLE OF INDIAN NGOs IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
VANI – Voluntary Action Network India
Profile of India India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a rich cultural heritage. It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress during the last 60 years of its Independence. India has become self-sufficient in agricultural production and is now the tenth industrialized country in the world and the sixth nation to have gone into outer space to conquer nature for the benefit of the people. It covers an area of 32,87,2631 sq km, extending from the snow-covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south. As the 7th largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. Overview of Disasters in India: The Indian sub continent has been exposed to disasters from time immemorial. The Unique geo-climatic and socio-political conditions of the Indian sub-continent make the region vulnerable to both natural and man-made disasters. The increase in the vulnerability in recent years has been serious threat to the overall development of the country. Subsequently, the development process itself has been a contributing factor to this susceptibility. Coupled with lack of information and communication channels, this had been a serious impediment in the path of progress. India’s vulnerability to various disasters has led to mounting losses year after year. Mammoth funds were drawn to provide post disaster relief to the recurring victims of floods, cyclones, droughts and the less suspecting landslides and earthquakes. Considering the vast area of the Indian landmass, around 57% of the land is vulnerable to Earthquakes, 69% of the area is vulnerable...
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