Role of Gandhi in the National Movement

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 2135
  • Published: August 17, 2013
Read full document
Text Preview
At one lime Jawaharlal Nehru remarked that he doubled the clarity of the Mahatma and also his own association with him. Explaining this paradox Nehru writes thus: "Personality is as' indefinable tiling, a strange force that has power over the soul man and he possesses this in a remarkable measure..... He attracted people..... They did not agree with his philosophy of life or even with' many of his ideals... and we went with him although we did not accept his philosophy." What gave this enormous spell to the personality of Gandhiji? He epitomized the traditions of India. His emphasis was always on action, reminding one of the Karma Yoga in the Gita which has been the most pi scripture of the Hindus since the sixth century A.D. Although he was simple in and saintly in thinking, he permitted himself to be involved neck-deep in the struggle of the country. And all his actions were translated in the Hindu id "Defiance of law and order was non-cooperation with evil; hartal was 11 protest; Satyagraha was the technique for the realization of truth that is God.”  Secondly, he openly asserted that the concept of Truth (God) is l unattainable, each one is endowed with a fraction of Truth, has almost the meaning as the cardinal principle of the Upanishads that salvation lies in them of the individual's soul with the universal soul. Thirdly, his stress on simple living and abstemious habits of dietary in li cast a spell on the masses of India. Indeed, he did skip over two stages of traditional ashrams known for two millennia in India. He became the apple off of the common man because sainthood has always had a profound appeal to the masses reminding them of the various charkas like Sankara and Madhavaan saint-singers of the Bhakti movement. Although the middle class did not like hi knobbing with the Harijans, they could not but admire him, for deep down in their they knew that they were in the wrong, not the Mahatma. Besides, there was a surreptitious veneration for meditation and fast, for they constitute a part of! traditions. And with regard to the rich class, he adopted a shrewd policy of a and expediency: he talked of the moral and material up liftmen of all but wanted the Rich to hold all the property as the trustees of the community. Thus, all classes of people ice taken in by the Mahatma. In the words of Percival Spear: "He translated his Boral into popular terms and so made the whole political movement seen move Ufa pilgrimage than a war." While carrying the traditions of lndia in his wake. Mahatma also succeeded in incorporating some of the dynamic values of modem times. Time and again he stated the he was a great devotee of non-violence and Satyagraha as the only true means for achieving truth, he included a great number of riders to his fundamental beliefs which bring out the stamp of his legal and political knowledge of the modem times. His remark that if a cow comes to kill an individual, he should kill the cow goes to confirm his belief in the right to live. His contention that if monkeys destroy the crops and thereby endanger the very survival of man, he would himself organize a party to kill the monkeys is his acceptance of the modem truth that only through existence, man can realize what he is and also what should be his equation with the ultimate.  Apart from his modernity, his personality and programme incorporated in a subtle manner the work of the previous makers of modem India. The very expression 'non-violence of the strong' reminds us of Swami Vivekanandas emphasis on powers and strength. His intensive sympathy for the alleviation of the masses reminds us of both Ramkishana Parmesans and Swami Vivekananda. His own confession that the use old non-violence, partly worked out as violence, achieved what all he aimed at and his approval of the use of Satyagraha as a policy of the Congress . Without the Congress safety gratis conforming to the presumptions of Satyagraha, further prove that he carried the legacy of...
tracking img