Rights and Freedoms

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Eric Gaspard
February 26, 2012
POS-301
Grand Canyon University
Professor Amanda Froes


RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
Eric Gaspard

The Bill of Rights is composed of the first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States. Amendments can become a part of the Constitution by one of two ways. These are spelled out in Article V of the Constitution. To propose an Amendment both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives must approve the proposal by a two-thirds supermajority vote. An Amendment can be ratified by a three-fourth states legislature approval or through ratifying conventions in which three-fourths of the states approve it. These first ten amendments simultaneously became part of the Constitution in 1789 when they were ratified by the existing states of the Union. As a result every American is endowed with these rights that the Federal government is obligated to protect. •The First Amendment provides for the rights of freedom of speech, press, peaceful assembly, and freedom of religion as well as the right to petition. •The Second Amendment guarantees citizens the right to bear arms; which means that citizens have the right o weapons and guns in their homes with certain provisions. •The Third Amendment prohibits the government from forcibly housing militia or soldiers in a person’s house without their permission. •The Fourth Amendment protects citizens form search and seizure of property without a warrant. •The Fifth Amendment prevents any person from double jeopardy (being tried twice for the same offense), as well protecting any person from self-incrimination. •The Sixth and Seventh Amendments guarantees that any person charged with a crime will receive the right to a trial by a jury of peers and to have legal representation. •The Eighth Amendment protects against unreasonable or excessive fines as well as protection against cruel and unusual punishment. •The Ninth Amendment reads that have rights other than Rights...
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