Introduction to Rhinos:
Rhinos are unique animals. There are 6 different rhino species (The White, Black, The greater one horned, Sumatran and the Javan Rhinos) around the world South Africa is home to two the Black and White Rhinos. Rhinos are more closely related to horses as opposed to elephants. They are massive, hoof creatures with extremely thick skin, bulky, strong bodies and at least one horn that extend from their noses. They are timid herbivores who have poor eyesight; they therefore rely on their senses of hearing and smell. Rhinos are close to extinction if we do not save and help them they might become extinct as Rhinos only give birth once every 2 – 4 years. We are killing Rhinos faster therefore there is not enough time to reproduce. This could affect our rhinos and kill them for ever. 2.
I feel this is a relevant topic because we have almost or even more than half of the world’s rhino here in South Africa. The Rhino is part of the big five we cannot afford to lose this wonderful interesting species. Rhino poaching has been a big issue over the past few years I feel we need to put an end to this. It can be seen on the graphs bellow that the Rhino poaching statistics have increase rapidly, more Rhinos are killed every year. Rhino poaching needs to be sorted out.
Rhino horns are made of tiny tightly packed hairs. They are made of Keratin – the major protein components of hair, horn, hoofs, wool, nails and the quills of feathers. Rhino horns are composed primarily of keratin, but so too are rhino nails and so are our own finger nails! Scientists have discovered that Rhino horns have no nutritional value at all. 4.
Rhinos are poached for their horns. In certain Asian countries, ground rhino horn is thought and used to cure almost everything including sexual inadequacy. Rhino poaching is said to cure devil possession and keep away all evil spirits and miasmas. To remove hallucinations and bewitching nightmares. It lightens the body and makes one very robust. For typhoid, headache, and feverish colds. For carbuncles and boils full of pus. For intermittent fevers with delirium. To expel fear and anxiety, to calm the liver and clear the vision. For infantile convulsions and dysentery. It can be turned to ash and taken with water to treat violent vomiting, food poisoning, and over dosage of poisonous drugs. For arthritis, melancholia, loss of the voice. it is also ground up into a paste with water it is given for throat hemorrhage, nosebleeds, rectal bleeding, heavy smallpox. We can see from this long list that rhino horn whether it burned to ashes, ground or pasted it is thought to be able to cure almost anything. A more common belief might be that Rhino horns are powdered and used for Chinese medicine and the horn is used to cure hangovers and Cancer. Taiwan is supplied with most of its horns from South Africa and the horn is most commonly used for tranquilisers, for relieving dizziness, building energy, nourishing the blood, curing laryngitis, or simply curing whatever ails you. The Taiwanese make up most of the market for horns that are imported to Asia from Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. Other research states that rhino horns are imported from Vietnam.
The most obvious reason for the loss of about a 1000 rhinos in 1800 to approximately 30,000 today is because of poaching, habitat loss is also a key factor. Rhinos often die due to clearance of land for human settlement and agricultural production and logging. Rhinos are an umbrella species – species that are protected also protect other species. Rhinos share the same habitat as many of our animals. When rhinos are protected, many other species are too. Rhinos also attract visitors and tourists. A rhino is one of the most popular species with zoo...
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