Rhetorical Devices

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Zitlaly Hernandez
Honors English 4
Ms. Howe
Period 1
27 February 2013

Rhetorical Devices
Seven score and ten years ago, Abraham Lincoln used his powerful words to persuade his audience to take the first step in their obligation of taking action. Uniting the people is the only way to start uniting the country for the people during the hard times of the Civil War. In Abraham Lincoln’s “The Gettysburg Address”, Lincoln uses rhetoric to convince his audience to come together. To effectively persuade his audience, Lincoln used pathos, antithesis, and repetition.

Throughout Lincoln’s speech he uses pathos to get to the emotions of the audience and convince a final thought of action. In the beginning of his speech, Lincoln reminds the people of their founding principles that the nation is to be “conceived in Liberty” (2) and “that all men are created equal” (2) as stated in the Declaration of Independence. By reminding spectators, an emotion is brought out of them that every person belonged to the nation. The audience, as divided as it was, unanimously felt the pride in belonging to a nation like America, and were all unified as one again. Lincoln then moves on to speaking of the present times in which their nation is being tested through the Civil War and of “the brave men, living and dead,”(10) that have and continue to sacrifice their lives for a better nation. Having said this, Lincoln reaches for emotion of sorrow for the fallen to not only dedicate Gettysburg as a cemetery, but to also have the audience feel sympathy, not alone, but as united people. He gives the sense that the passed away men before them have believed that the nation can become great and if they can devote their lives to the cause there must be a reason for the audience to act towards the cause as well. Towards the end of the speech, Lincoln contributes to idea that the listeners have an obligation to build “a new birth of freedom-and [a government] of the people” (18-19)....
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