Response of Chickens on Ripe Banana Fruit and Cooked Sweet Potato Peelings as Chicken Feed Supplement by: Elsbeth Charlene Hernando, Camille Danielle Calamayo, Andrew Saguran and Aldwin Paul Parac

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CHAPTER 1
The Background

Introduction

Chickens are probably the most numerous birds in the world, largely because of their importance; chickens are raised as a hobby by fancies that breed them for their beauty and for other special characteristics.( Retrieved November 2010 from, Encyclopedia Americana 1998,)

In many countries , highly efficient industry engaged in production , processing and marketing of chicken meat and eggs has evolved , making the raising of chickens one of the most specialized and efficient industries producing food. Egg production is also highly specialized, although not all the necessary operations are integrated as for broiler production (Encyclopedia Americana 1998). Most of the developing countries have been battling against the problem of how to adequately feed their livestock and poultry because of inadequate production of conventional ingredients for livestock feeding. Many of these countries are also well blessed with considerable good fertile, arable land, good sunshine and abundant and well distributed rainfall. The inadequate quantities of concentrated feedstuffs they produce yearly are competed for by humans and their livestock. Usually humans have to have their needs satisfied first leaving the remainder for livestock.(smallstock.info, November 2010). The researchers want to find out which materials have potential as chicken feed supplement. This is to lessen the budget for commercial feeds. The study will be conducted to determine the effects of ripe banana fruit and sweet potato peelings as chicken feed supplement on the growth of the chick.

More than 50 billion chickens are reared annually as a source of food for both their meat and their eggs. Chickens farmed for meat are called broilers, whilst these farmed for eggs are called egg-laying hens. In total, UK alone consumes over 29 million eggs per day. Some hens can produce over 300 eggs a year. The majority of poultry are raised using intensive farming techniques. According to the Worldwatch Institute, 74% of the world is poultry meat and 68% of eggs are produced this way. (Retrieved on October 2010 from wikipedia.org)

Global Reality

Poultry is one of the organized and important segments of agriculture sector of Pakistan. This sector generates employment, directly and indirect, and income for about 1.5 million people. Poultry meat contributes 23.8 percent of the total meat production in the country. The prices of poultry feed in Pakistan showed a consistent increase during the years of 2008 to 2010 (meattradenewsdaily.co.uk November 2010). Kampala, the capital of Uganda is facing an acute shortage of eggs. This follows increasing cost of feeds that has pushed many suppliers out of the poultry business. A survey of major sales outside in Kampala showed that many retailers had completely run out of eggs, while others had increased prices. Industry sources said the increasing cost of feeds had pushed many farmers out of business, leading to the shortage (allafrica.com November 2010).

National Reality

Chicken broiler and egg production are the most progressive animal enterprises in the Philippines today. The poultry industry in fact began as a backyard enterprise but has shifted to the formation of very large integrated contract farming operations. The growth of tile poultry industry in the Philippines has indeed been impressive but its problems including inefficient management and the prevalence of many destructive poultry diseases and parasites cannot be ignored (mixph.com retrieved on October 2010). The chicken population in the Philippines increased from 82 M in 1992 to about 136 M in 2005.  The breakdown of the chicken population is as follows: 40.38 M (29.7%) broilers; 21.68 M (15.9%) layers; and 73.94 M (54.4%) native/improved stocks.  The per capita consumption of chicken meat increased from 4.56 kg in 1991 to 8.20 kg in 2004. However from 1996, the poultry industry is facing a very...
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