Reseach on Sterilization and the Barbershop

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KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY KUMASI-GHANA

COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES
FACULTY OF ALLIED HEALTH
DEPARTMENT OF NURSING

KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF STERILIZATION OF BARBERING INSTRUMENTS AMONG BARBERS IN KNUST COMMUNITY

A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, FACULTY OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES AS A REQUIREMENT IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE DEGREE (BSc.) IN NURSING

BY

ARHIN ARTHUR EMMANUEL
PENNEY SAM DENNIS

MAY, 2011

DECLARATION
We, the undersigned students do hereby declare that, the findings of this study compiled in this script are genuine information which has not been presented to any person or group of persons elsewhere for another Bachelor Degree in Nursing, however due recognition has been given to authors whose works have been cited. ……………………………..………………………… VICTORIA BAM (MRS)DATE

(Head of Department)

……………………………….………………………… PROF. DORIS KHALILDATE
(Supervisor)

Submitted by:
ARHIN ARTHUR EMMANUEL
(Index number-1436907)
……………………………….………………………….
DATE
PENNEY SAM, DENNIS
(Index number- 1439507)
………………………………………………………..
DATE

DEDICATION
This research is dedicated to the Almighty God and our significant others for their support.

Abstract
Introduction: From the authors’ observations, there is no written information available about barbers’ practices in relation to the prevention of infections in Ghana. It is widely known in Ghana that barbers are not given institutional training and license to practice. This may affect their knowledge and attitudes towards the practices of safe decontamination procedures as well as how to prevent infection transmission in the barbershops Aim and objective of the study: This study sought to assess the basic knowledge and practices of sterilization of instruments in the barbering shops in KNUST Community Study design: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey whereby data was obtained by interview using a structured questionnaire. Population and samples: All barbers operating within KNUST community was used, out of this population, 10 barbers were chosen for the study. Methods of data collection: Open and closed ended questionnaire was used to collect data. Results: Respondents were all males. Majority of them had at least primary education. Most of them had knowledge on infection transmission in the barbershop. 90% of them do not practice hand hygiene during barbering. Finally, majority of them do not know how to decontaminate barbering instruments correctly Conclusions: The risk of infection transmission in the barbershops interviewed was high. All the barbers do not have institutional training which may affect their knowledge, practices of sterilization and infection prevention in the barbershop. Training of barbers and health education strategies directed to the barbershops are needed to improve barbers’ awareness on infection prevention and good sterilization practices.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Undertaking this study reminded the authors that, researchers and authors’ work requires a lot of time and encounter with solitude. Sustaining our energy and enthusiasm for this research would have been impossible without the support, help, inspiration, and contributions of certain key institutions and personalities. We acknowledge them with our warmest gratitude.

God the author of life for giving us life, wisdom and strength to carry out the study. Lecturers of the Nursing Department of KNUST and most especially to our research supervisor, Professor Doris Khalil for their inspirational guidance on how to carry out the study. Committee on human research, publications and ethics for approving our work. Barbers operating within KNUST main campus for their cooperation and support in responding to our questionnaires. Finally we wish to acknowledge the authors of the various textbooks, journals and research works from which...
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