Republic of Peru

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Republic of Peru
Capital: Lima
Currency: Nuevo sol Major languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Area: 1,285,220 Kms
Population: 28,302,603
Religion: 90% Roman Catholic
Government: constitutional republic

INTRODUCTION

Peru is located in western South America, sharing its northwestern border with Ecuador, its northern border with Bolivia, its eastern border with Brazil, and its southeastern border with Bolivia and Chile. Peru has been lately a raising economy in Latin America here I will give you a little introduction to Peru's relevant information such as history and actual facts. Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. In the year 2001 there was a new head of Government Alejandro Toledo the first democratically elected president of Quechua ethnicity. And now for 2006 election there is a new democratic President Alan Garcia who promises to improve social conditions in this country. Peru's rich and varied heritage includes the ancient Incan capital of Cuzco and the lost city of Machu Picchu. The country boasts spectacular scenery, including Lake Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake. It is rich in copper, silver, lead, zinc, oil and gold. As economic facts we have than Peru, has a GDP (gross domestic product) of $164.5 billion and a per capita GDP of $5,900 The GDP growth is estimated 6.7%. Peru's economy is one of the most dynamic in Latin America, showing particularly strong growth over the past three years. During the 1990s, Peru was transformed by market-oriented economic reforms and privatizations, and met many conditions for long-term growth.

POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT

The official name is Republic of Peru and has a Presidential democracy as a Form of state, the executive is the president, who is directly elected for a five-year term, may not be re-elected to a second consecutive term; he appoints a Council of Ministers, as a head of state is the elected president, currently Alan Garcia, who was inaugurated as president in July 2006their legislature is forms by a Congress which consists of a 120-member single chamber, which can be dissolved once during a presidential term.

LEGAL ENVIRONMENT

The legal system consists of Courts of first instance in the provincial capitals; the Supreme Court sits in Lima they will have National elections in April 2011 (presidential and congressional); last elections happened on November 19th 2006 (regional and municipal). And as we said before Mr. Garcia leads the government; his party, the Partido Aprista Peruano (Apra), has 36 of 120 seats in Congress but also there are some other political organizations of opposition which are the Union por el Peru (UPP); Unidad Nacional (UN); Partido Nacionalista Peruano (PNP); Alianza por el Futuro, Frente del Centro; Peru Posible; Restauracion Nacional. The judicial branch of government is headed by a 16-member Supreme Court seated in Lima. The Constitutional Tribunal interprets the constitution on matters of individual rights. Superior courts in departmental capitals review appeals from decisions by lower courts. Courts of first instance are located in provincial capitals and are divided into civil, penal, and special chambers. The judiciary has created several temporary specialized courts in an attempt to reduce the large backlog of cases pending final court action. Peru is divided into 25 regions. The regions are subdivided into provinces, which are composed of districts. High authorities in the regional and local levels are elected. The...
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