Confucius was born in 551 BCE in the state of Lu (modern day Shantung Province). He lived during the Chou dynasty. Later in life, he wandered through many states of China, giving advice to their rulers. He accumulated a small band of students during this time. The last years of his life were spent back in Lu, where he devoted himself to teaching. His writings deal primarily with individual morality and ethics, and the proper exercise of political power by the rulers. INTRODUCTION OF CONFUCIANISM
Confucianism is not a religion but a form of philosophy. Confucianism is an East Asian ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the early Chinese sage Confucius. It is a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought which had tremendous influence on the history of Chinese civilization up to the 21st century. Confucianism has impacted and influenced the following countries which include China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan as well as Singapore where most ethnic Chinese resided.
CORE CONCEPTS OF CONFUCIANISM
"Rite" (礼; Lǐ) possessed the meaning of "sacrifice. The meaning varies from politeness and propriety to the understanding of everybody's position in society. Ritual is used to distinguish between the statuses of people as well as to indicate people’s duty amongst others and what are expected of them. It can be seen as a means to find the balance between contradictory qualities that lead to conflict. People are divided into different grouping to form hierarchical relationships through set of rules and ceremonies, allocating everyone a position in the society with a form of corrective behavior. Filial Piety
“Filial piety” (孝; xiào) is one of the greatest of virtues to be shown towards both the living and the dead. The term "filial", meaning "of a child", denotes the respect and obedience that a child, should show to his parents. This relationship was extended by analogy to a series of...
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