M.A.1st Year, South Asian Studies, UMISARC, Pondicherry University
Abstract: Chauvinism, discrimination, sexual harassment, rape and other crimes against women are problems faced severely by women in South Asia in recent days. These are the serious cases of violations of human rights. In this article several current incidents, where women rights and dignity as a human being are completely violated in south Asian countries are shown.
Gender equality is, first and foremost, a human right. Women are permitted to live in dignity and in freedom from want and from fear. Nevertheless intolerance against women and girls -including gender-based violence, economic discrimination, reproductive health inequities, and harmful traditional practices - remains the most omnipresent and regular form of disparity. Since the Second World War, human rights have emerged as a central tenet to international relations – characterized by some as ‘the most drastic development in the whole history of international law’. In an international regime, such as that of human rights, international actors accept certain norms and decision-making procedures to regulate an issue area, while accepting certain restrictions. The international human rights regime is now considered as the UN-centered regime, of which the most important statement of norms is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. Numerous international and regional instruments have drawn attention to gender-related dimensions of human rights issues, the most important being the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), taken on in 1979. In 1993, 45 years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, and eight years after CEDAW entered into force, the UN World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna confirmed that women’s rights were human rights. That this statement was even necessary and striking – women’s status as human beings entitled to rights should have never been in doubt. And yet this was a step forward in recognizing the rightful claims of one half of humanity, in identifying neglect of women’s rights as a human rights violation and in drawing attention to the relationship between gender and human rights violations. There are very few countries in the world who would challenge the accepted norms of women rights, but whether they are guaranteed is a different matter. What does violence against women consist of?
The globally accepted definition considers as violence “any act that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life”. In South Asia, one in every two women experiences violence in her daily life. Social, cultural, political, economic, and legal factors in the region combine to leave women vulnerable to community-sanctioned violence. In a region affected by a high level of fickle human conflict, violence against women is viewed as just ‘another form of violence’. Recently, different sorts of violations against women in south Asia is going on. Following are several heart breaking cases of the region: NEPAL: Support for protest against impunity - 32 protesters arrested and manhandled during peaceful protests On 25 January, 2013 around 300 protestors had gathered in front of the Nepal Rastra Bank Central Office to express solidarity with the “Occupy Balutawar” movement from 9:00 am in the morning. The movement was a spontaneous attempt to pressurize the government to initiate impartial, prompt and professional investigations into several recent cases of violence against women in which the perpetrators have remained unpunished and developed into a protest against the general climate of impunity in the country. Bhakti Shah, a transgender activist...