SYNOPSIS OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAMME FOR
Ph. D DEGREE IN ENGLISH
Research Topic: “Realism in Tagore’s Poetry”
S/o Late Mahendra Prasad
Vill. Semari, P. O. Gothain
Dist. Ballia, U. P.
Dr.( Ravi Shankar Singh)
P. G. College, Ghazipur
Dr. (A. K. Mishra)
Reader, Dept. of English
D. C. S. K. (P. G.) College,
Mau, U. P.
D. C. S. Khandelwal (P. G.)
College, Maunath Bhanja
Mau, U. P.
VEER BAHADUR SINGH PURVANCHAL UNIVERSITY,
JAUNPUR (U. P.)
Chapter 1: Towards an understanding of Realism
Chapter 2: Realism in Tagore’s Poetry
Chapter 3: Social Realism
Chapter 4: Political Realism
Chapter 5: Religious Realism
Chapter 6: Conclusion
Notes and References
Title: Realism in Tagore’s Poetry
Present state of knowledge:
Tagore is the most outstanding name in modern Bengali literature, and he was the one writer who first gained for the modern India a place on the world literature scene. Till today he is the most widely read Indian author in India and abroad. He belongs to unquestionably to Bengali literature, but he belongs to Indo-Anglican literature too- indeed, he belongs to all India and the whole world. He was a critic of life and literature and was essentially an internationalist (his Noble Prize for literature-the first ever to an Asian in 1913 would reveal it).
He was, thus, many persons and a darling of versatility, and still he was the same man; he was an integral whole, the Rishi, the Gurudev. His active literary career extended over a period of 65 years. He wrote probably the largest number of lyrics ever attempted by any poet. He mused and wrote and traveled and talked untiringly. Tagore, just to Mahatma Gandhi and Sri Aurobindo, has been the supreme inspiration to millions in modern India.
Rabindranath Tagore was well aware of moral and religious consideration, social political and environmental conditions of his time. Man was a centre point in his thought. To free man from his present sufferings, he had no other choice than to seek help from the Supreme Reality. That may be the reason for his poetry being religious in nature. God resides in his thoughts and actions. The fundamental concept of his religious poetry means the Eternal Transcendental Being present into human personality.
The term realism applied to literary composition that aims at an interpretation of the actualities of any aspect of life, emphasizes freedom from free subjective prejudice, idealism or romantic colour. It is opposed to the concern with the unusual which forms the basis of romanticism, but it does not proceed as does naturalism from the philosophy of determination and a completely a moral attitude. It is considered the form best suited to the artistic treatment of reality.
Realism is not limited to any one form. As an attitude of the writer towards his materials, it is relative and no chronological point may be indicated as the beginning of realism, but the 19th century is considered to mark its origin as a literary movement. The example of science, the influence of rational philosophy, the use of documentation in historical study, as well as the reaction against attenuated romanticism, all had their effect in creating the dominance of realism at this time.
According to Glossary of Literary Terms “Realism is applied by literary critics in two divers ways: (1) to identify a movement in the writing of novels during the Nineteenth Century that included Horare de Balzac in France, George Eliot in England, and William Dean Howells in America.” It is characterized as the fictional attempt to give the effect of realism, by representing complex characters with mixed motives who are rooted in a social class, operate in a developed social structure, interact with many other characters and...
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