READINESS OF GOVERNMENT AUDITORS IN FRAUD DETECTION
1.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT
Public sector governance requires the controlling and accounting officers to discharge their responsibilities of stewardship of public resources by being open, accountable, prudent in decision making, managing and delivering results. The provision of the Financial Procedure Act 1957 also places a high premium for controlling officers to be personally responsible and accountable for propriety and accountability. The most typical frauds involve in public sector are bribery, false statements and false claims, embezzlement, conflict of interest, phantom contractor, collusive bidding, progress payment fraud, over or under invoicing, extortion, nepotism and favoritism, loss of revenues on account of tax or duty evasion, unfair recruitment, computer frauds and others. (Buang, 2008). 1.2
Cases of mismanagement in the public sector have increased tremendously based on the Arrest Statistic by Malaysian Anti Corruption Agency and the Auditor-General Report (AG’s Report). Among the cases in AG’s Report 2006 to 2010 are The Port Klang Free Zone (PKFZ) development cost ballooned from RM2bil to RM4.6bil (The Star, 29 June 2011) highlighted by PriceWaterCoopers, based by earlier AG’s report. The Government is mulling over the possibility of taking civil action against National Feedlot Corporation to recover the RM250mil soft loan given to the company (The Star, 17 Oct 2012). Other cases highlighted were Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi Mara Balik Pulau in Penang, which paid RM84,640 for two laptops. The college bought another 450 computer units totaling up to RM3.45mil, with 19-inch monitors at RM8,500 each and 17-inch monitors at RM7,500 each. The Youth and Sports Ministry had overspent RM8.39mil for its National Youth Skills Institutes (IKBN). In consequences, five people were arrested including one ministry senior officer and a supplier. The four were charged under Section 11(c) of the Anti-Corruption Act while the fifth person was charged with criminal breach of trust. Another four in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, claimed trial in connection with the overpriced goods in setting up the IKBN in Bachok. Three people were charged with the purchase of “overpriced” digital cameras for the IKBN in Chembong, Negeri Sembilan. Five personnel from Sabah were charged with 62 counts of corruption involving welfare payments to people who were dead. Another welfare officer in Raub, Pahang was charged with 22 similar offences. After investing RM537.04mil in the US-based Columbia Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (CAMC), the Government only managed to recoup RM25mil, losing over RM500mil. The Government lost an estimated RM1.14bil in its Ipoh-Rawang double track railway project when it was taken over by a new contractor after the original one failed to complete it. Some RM418,145 of welfare aid was doled out to 184 undocumented people in Perlis, out of which 26 are confirmed dead (The Star, 29 Oct 2009). 1.3
Despite all AG’s report on fraud cases and abuse of public money, National Audit Department of Malaysia (NADM) considers the forensic auditing is a new auditing field. While the current AG’s Report (Federal Government, Statutory Bodies and States Government) are the statutory reports table to the Parliament annually consist of three types of audit; Financial Statement Audit, Financial Management Audit and Performance Audit that measures the activities performed by government agencies based on the value for money. The practice of the government auditors is paralleled with AI 240 where auditors are considering fraud element the auditing process especially in the Performance Audit. However, the emphasize on audit work still lies on the statutory audit where the audit is traditionally done, not in the forensic accounting point of view. Due to the fact, NADM Strategic Planning 2010 – 2015, among all has a target to set up one to two teams of forensic auditors and to...
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