Racial Segregation through the World
Segregation is defined as the policy or practice of separating people based on their race, class, ethnic group, religion or gender, especially as a form of discrimination. Racial segregation is not an isolated phenomenon. There are examples of segregation that can be dated back to the earliest stages of mankind. All over the world, in hundreds of different cultures we can identify clear examples of segregation either by race, caste, gender, religion, age, etc. During the Spanish colonization of Latin America Spanish colonists classified the natives by race and race mixture. An entire nomenclature developed, including the familiar terms “mulatto”, “mestizo”, and “zambo” (the latter the origin of “sambo”). The Jewish community has been segregated for centuries, during the 1930s the Jews were not permitted to marry Aryan Germans because they were considered inferior. Another clear example would be during World War II. In Nazi Germany the Jewish community was forced to wear yellow ribbons or the Star of David, this way they would be easily identifi ed and denied basic needs, like the use of public transportation. It is also a known fact the horrible atrocities committed to the Jewish people inside the concentration camps during the Hitler era. In the 1930’s, the Italian fascist regime led by Benito Mussolini introduced an official segregationist policy in the Italian Empire. Even though the Italians were not known for being racist, the leader convinced his subjects that segregation was natural. Separating the blacks and Jews from the rest of the Italians, this law banned interracial marriages, and children born from mixed marriages were notconsidered legitimate. Italians could not serve Africans in shops or restaurants. In previous units you read how in South Africa racial segregation had been traditionally accepted. In 1948 Apartheid was introduced. The main purpose was to legally and physically separate different racial...
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