Hypothesis: The events of September 11th has caused racial profiling, a practice that was vilified by many just months ago, to become a common and accepted practice used by the government, airline officials, police agencies, and the American public. Profiling has also become a necessary tool used to prevent further terrorist attacks on the United States.
Map of the Territory:
I. Racial profiling is the practice of "selecting someone for investigation or stronger action on the basis of race, national origin or ethnicity." (Weinstien, Finnegan and Wantanabe 1) A. Racial profiling is a practice that has been debated and for the most part vilified over the last decade. 1. Before September 11th the majority of Americans "felt that racial profiling is a wide spread phenomenon, and that it must be rooted out." (Harris 1) 2. Various laws were passed prior to September 11th, banning racial profiling by police officers. One such law is S.989 the End Racial Profiling act of 2001, which uses data collection as tool to gather information as to who is being targeted and to hold police officers and agencies accountable. 3. The most publicized incidents of racial profiling involved New Jersey police officers targeting black men, puling them over and searching there cars looking for drugs. From this the term "driving while black" was coined. C. Even before September 11th Arab-Americans experienced forms for racial profiling.
1.In the 1970's the view of Arabs as terrorists became prevalent, and again during the Gulf War. During this time Elected-officials in the United States who were of Arab decent were questioned by the FBI regarding terrorism being planned in the U.S. (Samhan, 2)
2. It is the view of some sociologists that before September 11th the public in the United States had an already negative view toward people of Arab decent but most gave little thought to the subject. (Deaux, 4) II. Following...