Topics: Leadership, 1911, Self Pages: 1 (266 words) Published: December 21, 2012
Self confidence indicates whether an individual is self assure in his judgements, decisions making, ideas and capabilities (Lussier & Achua, 2007).it includes a sense of self esteem and self assurance. And the belief that one can make a difference. Steve Jobs has a strong self-confidence in his ability to solve problems and make decisions. owing to his controlling power, Steve Jobs possess the ability to remake a big, dysfunctional corporation into a tight, disciplined ship that accomplished tasks on his demanding schedules (Leander, 2008).

Burns (1978), Bass (1985), Graham (1991), Stephens et al. (1995), Whetstone (2002), and Whittington (2004) noted a distinction in the moral nature of the two leaders. Burns (1978) initially described transformational leadership as “moral in that it raises the level of human conduct and ethical aspiration of both leader and led” (p. 20). Burns clarified the transformational leader as a moral and value-centered agent who engages the full person of the follower and changes followers' self-interest into collective interests through transforming followers' independent values into interdependent higher-order collective values. Later, Bass (1985) offered that transformational leaders could be moral or immoral depending on their values and included tyrannical leaders in the list leaders proposed as transformational. Bass' statement seemed to be contrary and opposed Burns' definition. This divergence induced rebuttal from Graham (1991), Stephens et al. (1995), Whetstone (2002), and Whittington (2004). Graham (1991) recognized the potential moral shortcomings of the transformational leader's allegiance to the organization's objectives and offered servant leadership's focus on service as a means of overcoming this moral weakness. Stephens et al. (1995)
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