1.1“Hades, was the god of the dead in Greek mythology. He ruled the kingdom of the dead, which had the same name” (Littleton 4). 1.2”Hades was the son of Cronus and Rhea, and the older brother of Zeus, the king of gods. In spite of Hades’ importance to the Greeks, they did not devote any rituals to him. Few myths involve Hades directly” (Littleton 4). 1.3”The kingdom of Hades was a neutral region reserved for the souls of people who deserved neither punishment nor reward upon death. The Greeks believed that Hades was drab and dull, but not necessarily painful” (Littleton 4). 1.4”The souls of those who had led virtuous lives dwelled happily in Elysium. The soul of those who had sinned greatly went to Tartarus, a land far below the earth” (Littleton 4). 1.5”The Greeks believed Hades was beneath the earth” (Littleton 4). 1.6”It had five rivers——the Acheron, the Kokytos, the Lethe, the Phlegethon, and the Styx. Each served as a boundary between the land of the living and the land of the dead” (Littleton 4). 1.7”The Styx was the best known river in Hades. To cross it, a soul had to be ferried by Charon, a boat man. He demanded payment, so the Greeks placed coins in the mouths of their dead before burying them” (Littleton 4). 1.8”Cerberus, a monstrous three-headed dog, guarded the house” (Littleton 4). 1.9”After crossing the river, each soul was assigned to its eternal home by one of three judges——Aeacus, Minos, of Rhadamanthys. Those guilty of serious offenses were tormented by goddesses called Furies of Erinyes” (Littleton 4). 1.10”The ancient Romans presented without change almost all the myths about Hades and his kingdom, but they called the god Pluto” (Littleton 4). 2.1”The realm of Hades knew no sun except in the part called Elysium. The rest of it was wrapped in darkness, but not so much so that people could not recognize one another and make their way about” (Sabin 159). 2.2”There was the Ach’e ron, for example, whose dark waters all the dead had to...
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