Questions on Ottoman Taking Over Albania

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To what extent did Skanderbeg’s diplomatic and military skills prevent the Ottomans from taking over Albania?

Extended Essay
Ms. S. Shimens
May 2012
Word Count: 3987
Abstract

George Kastrioti, also known as Skanderbeg, was a 15th century Albanian leader. Born in 1405 to the noble Kastrioti family, he was raised in a village in Dibra. As a young child, he was taken hostage by Sultan Murad II and as a result, he fought for the Ottoman Empire as a General. In one of his battles, he deserted the Ottomans and became the ruler of Kruje. However, there is wide debate over how influential Skanderbeg’s diplomatic and military skills were in protecting the Albanian people, which raises the research question: To what extent did Skanderbeg’s diplomatic and military skills prevent the Ottomans from taking over Albania? Although Skanderbeg’s victories and losses during his time of protecting Albania are well documented, it is still unclear as to the extent of Skanderbeg’s diplomatic and military skills in preventing Ottoman rule over Albania. Much of what we know about Skanderbeg comes from the museum that is located in Kruje castle, containing art compositions, stone and wood engravings, and maps that portray Skanderbeg’s life against the Ottomans. In this essay, I propose that both Skanderbeg’s diplomatic and military skills were successful in preventing the Ottomans from taking over Albania to a large extent, as many different techniques within each category were used. His diplomatic skills were crucial in defending Albania since he required a vast amount of men to help against the Ottoman attacks; he showed his diplomacy skills through family and armies in order to maintain connections with powerful allies. His military skills were also important, and he portrayed these skills through his tactics, and through his morale boosting techniques. Word Count: 264

Table of Contents

|Abstract | |2 | |Introduction | |4 | |Section 1: Diplomatic Skills |Diplomacy Through Marriage |5 | | |Diplomacy Through Armies | | |Section 2: Military Skills |Tactics |11 | | |Morale | | |Conclusion | |18 | |Bibliography | |19 |

To what extent did Skanderbeg’s diplomatic and military skills prevent the Ottomans from taking over Albania?

Introduction

During the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire was one of the strongest powers in the world. Their plan was to dominate Western Europe, and once they arrived in Europe, most of the colonies fell to the Ottomans. However, their main goal was to capture Rome, and the only way they could get to Rome was to go through a small country called Albania. In Albania, they were opposed by a chieftain called Gjergj Kastrioti, nicknamed Skanderbeg. Within his country, he had a fortress on the side of a mountain, and never more than twenty thousand armed men at his disposal. Yet, under his leadership, he was able to hold the mightiest army of the world at bay, saving not only his own country from defeat, but with it the peninsula of Italy and the remainder of Western...
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