In mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem — or Pythagoras' theorem — is a relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle (right-angled triangle). In terms of areas, it states: In any right-angled triangle, the area of the square whose side is the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares whose sides are the two legs (the two sides that meet at a right angle). The theorem can be written as an equation relating the lengths of the sides a, b and c, often called the Pythagorean equation:[1]

where c represents the length of the hypotenuse, and a and b represent the lengths of the other two sides. The Pythagorean theorem is named after the Greek mathematician Pythagoras (ca. 570 BC—ca. 495 BC), who by tradition is credited with its discovery and proof,[2][3] although it is often argued that knowledge of the theorem predates him. There is evidence that Babylonian mathematicians understood the formula, although there is little surviving evidence that they used it in a mathematical framework.[4][5] The theorem has numerous proofs, possibly the most of any mathematical theorem. These are very diverse, including both geometric proofs and algebraic proofs, with some dating back thousands of years. The theorem can be generalized in various ways, including higher-dimensional spaces, to spaces that are not Euclidean, to objects that are not right triangles, and indeed, to objects that are not triangles at all, but n-dimensional solids. The Pythagorean theorem has attracted interest outside mathematics as a symbol of mathematical abstruseness, mystique, or intellectual power; popular references in literature, plays, musicals, songs, stamps and cartoons abound Pythagorean Theorem

For a right triangle with legs and and hypotenuse ,
| (1) |
Many different proofs exist for this most fundamental of all geometric theorems. The theorem can also be generalized from a plane triangle to a trirectangular...

...
PythagoreanTheorem
Pythagoras was born in Samos, Greece around 570 BCE. From there he emigrated to Croton, Italy where most of his most important ideas and theories would develop. Early on, Pythagoras founded a society of disciples where he introduced the idea eternal recurrence into Greek thought, and it was Pythagoras’ ambition to reveal the basis of divine order. This is how Pythagoras came to mathematics, and he saw math as a purifier of the soul, and saw numbers in everything. He was convinced that the divine principles of the universe can be expressed in terms of relationships of numbers.
Over 4000 years ago, the Babylonians and the Chinese already knew that a triangle with the sides of 3, 4, and 5 must be a right triangle. They used this knowledge to construct right angles. Pythagoras studied them a bit closer and found that the two shorter sides of the triangles squared and then added together, equal exactly the square of the longest side. And he proved that this doesn't only work for the special triangles, but for any right triangle. This can be written in the form a^2 + b^2 = c^2, and today this is what is known as the PythagoreanTheorem.
The PythagoreanTheorem was one of the first times in human history that people could calculate a length or distance using only outside information. The train of thought used by Pythagoras was the first time the idea of a unset...

... When using the PythagoreanTheorem, the hypotenuse or its length is often labeled with a lower case c. The legs (or their lengths) are often labeled a and b.
Either of the legs can be considered a base and the other leg would be considered the height (or altitude), because the right angle automatically makes them perpendicular. If the lengths of both the legs are known, then by setting one of these sides as the base ( b ) and the other as the height ( h ), the area of the right triangle is very easy to calculate using this formula:
(1/2)
This is intuitively logical because another congruent right triangle can be placed against it so that the hypotenuses are the same line segment, forming a rectangle with sides having length b and width h. The area of the rectangle is b × h, so either one of the congruent right triangles forming it has an area equal to half of that rectangle.
Right triangles can be neither equilateral, acute, nor obtuse triangles. Isosceles right triangles have two 45° angles as well as the 90° angle. All isosceles right triangles are similar since corresponding angles in isosceles right triangles are equal. If another triangle can be divided into two right triangles, then the area of the triangle may be able to be determined from the sum of the two constituent right triangles. Also the Pythagoreantheorem can be used for non right triangles. a2+b2=c2-2c
The side lengths of a...

...PythagoreanTheorem: Proof and Applications
Kamel Al-Khaled & Ameen Alawneh
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Jordan University of Science and Technology
IRBID 22110, JORDAN
E-mail: kamel@just.edu.jo,
————————————————————————————————
Idea
Investigate the history of Pythagoras and the PythagoreanTheorem. Also, have the opportunity to
practice applying the PythagoreanTheorem to several problems. Students should analyze information on
the PythagoreanTheorem including not only the meaning and application of the theorem, but also the
proofs.
————————————————————————————————–
1
Motivation
You’re locked out of your house and the only open window is on the second ﬂoor, 25 feet above the ground.
You need to borrow a ladder from one of your neighbors. There’s a bush along the edge of the house, so
you’ll have to place the ladder 10 feet from the house. What length of ladder do you need to reach the
window?
Figure 1: Ladder to reach the window
1
The Tasks:
1. Find out facts about Pythagoras.
2. Demonstrate a proof of the PythagoreanTheorem
3. Use the PythagoreanTheorem to solve problems
4. Create your own real world problem and challenge the class
2
2.1
Presentation:
General
Brief history: Pythagoras lived in the 500’s BC, and was one of the...

...THE WIZARD OF OZ 2
The Wizard of Oz
Scarecrow’s Speech on PythagoreanTheorem
The Pythagoreantheorem is one of the earliest theorems known to ancient civilization. The well-known theorem is named after the Greek mathematician and philosopher, Pythagoras. In the Wizard of Oz, after the Scarecrow gets a brain, he states the Pythagoreantheorem. However, he mistakenly says it applies to an isosceles triangle when it applies to a right triangle. He not only says the wrong triangle, he also gets the equation wrong.
The Scarecrow says, “The sum of the square root of two sides of an isosceles triangle is equal to the square root of the third side.” The correct equation for the Pythagoreantheorem is, “The sum of the squares of the two legs of a right triangle is equal to the square of the hypotenuse.” The isosceles triangle is a triangle with at least two equal sides; it also has two equal angles.
The Pythagoreantheorem is a statement about triangles containing a right angle. A right triangle is a triangle with a ninety-degree angle. With the Pythagoreantheorem, you take a triangle with a right angle and make a square on each of the three sides; the biggest square has the exact same area as the two other squares put together.
A square root of...

...Brief History of the PythagoreanTheorem
Just Who Was This Pythagoras, Anyway?
Pythagoras (569-500 B.C.E.) was born on the island of Samos in Greece, and did much traveling through Egypt, learning, among other things, mathematics. Not much more is known of his early years. Pythagoras gained his famous status by founding a group, the Brotherhood of Pythagoreans, which was devoted to the study of mathematics. The group was almost cult-like in that it had symbols, rituals and prayers. In addition, Pythagoras believed that "Number rules the universe,"and the Pythagoreans gave numerical values to many objects and ideas. These numerical values, in turn, were endowed with mystical and spiritual qualities.
Legend has it that upon completion of his famous theorem, Pythagoras sacrificed 100 oxen. Although he is credited with the discovery of the famous theorem, it is not possible to tell if Pythagoras is the actual author. The Pythagoreans wrote many geometric proofs, but it is difficult to ascertain who proved what, as the group wanted to keep their findings secret. Unfortunately, this vow of secrecy prevented an important mathematical idea from being made public. The Pythagoreans had discovered irrational numbers! If we take an isosceles right triangle with legs of measure 1, the hypotenuse will measure sqrt 2. But this number cannot be expressed as a length that...

...-------------------------------------------------
PythagoreanTheorem
In mathematics, the Pythagoreantheorem or Pythagoras' theorem is a relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle (right-angled triangle). In terms of areas, it states:
In any right triangle, the area of the square whose side is the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares whose sides are the two legs (the two sides that meet at a right angle).
The theorem can be written as an equation relating the lengths of the sides a, b and c, often called the Pythagorean equation:[1]
where c represents the length of the hypotenuse, and a and b represent the lengths of the other two sides.
These two formulations show two fundamental aspects of this theorem: it is both a statement about areas and about lengths. Tobias Dantzig refers to these as areal and metric interpretations.[2][3] Some proofs of the theorem are based on one interpretation, some upon the other. Thus, Pythagoras' theorem stands with one foot in geometry and the other in algebra, a connection made clear originally byDescartes in his work La Géométrie, and extending today into other branches of mathematics.[4]
The Pythagoreantheorem has been modified to apply outside its original domain. A number...

...PYTHAGOREANTHEOREM
More than 4000 years ago, the Babyloneans and the Chinese already knew that a triangle with the sides of 3, 4 and 5 must be a right triangle. They used this knowledge to construct right angles. By dividing a string into twelve equal pieces and then laying it into a triangle so that one side is three, the second side four and the last side five sections long, they could easily construct a right angle.
A Greek scholar named Pythagoras, who lived around 500 BC, was also fascinated by triangles with these special side ratios. He studied them a bit closer and found that the two shorter sides of the triangles squared and then added together, equal exactly the square of the longest side. And he proved that this doesn't only work for the special triangles, but for any right triangle. Today we would write it somehow like this: a2 + b2= c2. In the time of Pythagoras they didn't use letters yet to replace variables. (They weren't introduced until the 16th century by Vieta.) Instead they wrote down everything in words, like this: if you have a right triangle, the squares of the two sides adjacent to the right angle will always be equal to the square of the longest side.
We can't be sure if Pythagoras really was the first person to have found this relationship between the sides of right triangles, since no texts written by him were found. In fact, we can't even prove the guy lived. But the theorem a2 + b2= c2 got his...

...the square root of their product. The harmonic mean of two numbers is the arithmetic mean of their reciprocals. Write a program that takes two floating-point numbers as inputs and displays these three means.
7. Write a C++ program to take a depth (in kilometers) inside the earth as input data; compute and display the temperature at that depth in degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit. The relevant formulas are:
Celsius = 10 x (depth) + 20 (Celsius temperature at depth in km)
Farhrenheit = 1.8 x (Celsius) + 32
8. The PythagoreanTheorem states that the sum of the squares of the sides of a right triangle is equal to the square of the hypotenuse. For example, if two sides of a right triangle have lengths 3 and 4, then the hypotenuse must have a length of 5. The integers 3, 4, and 5 together form a Pythagorean triple. There is an infinite number of such triples. Given two positive integers, m and n, where m > n, a Pythagorean triple can be generated by the following formulas:
Side1 = m2- n2
Side2 = 2mn
Hypotenuse = side12 + side22
Group 2
1. In a laboratory, the time of an experiment is measured in seconds. Write a C++ program to enter the time in seconds, convert and print out it as a number of hours, minutes and seconds. Use appropriate format for the output.
2. Write a C++ program to enter an integer number of 4 digits and print it out...