Psychology -- personality

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Psychosexual development, Phallic stage Pages: 3 (501 words) Published: October 10, 2013

-personality is internally based characteristic ways of acting, thinking and feeling. -with personality: -consistency of behaviour
-individual differences

Trait Theories

5 factors of personality: OCEAN

Openness to experience: curiosity, tend to be more creative and more aware of their feelings Conscientiousness: preference for planned behaviour, regulating self-control, Need for Achievement Extraversion: positive emotion, action-oriented, assertive(stand firm to your point) Agreeableness: concern social harmony, considerate, optimistic, believe ppl are honest, decnet,tustworth

Neuroticism: negative emotion, interpret ordinary situations as threatening

Humanistic Personality

-Actualizing tendency drive to be one's maximum potential which is built genetically -Abraham Maslow: the father of the humanistic movement
-Maslow's Hierarchy of needs:

*We fulfill our needs step by step.
*Needs relate to personality. If we cannot fulfill our needs, our personality will change.

Social Cognitive Perspectives

-how cognitive factors relate to behaviour
-emphasize consciours awareness, beliefs, expectations, and goals, incorporate principle from behaviourism
-Behaviour, Environment, Cognitive factors are related.

Psychoanalytical Approach to Personality

Freud: -neurologist, explain personality and psychological disorders by accounting early childhood experiences, unconscious motives and conflicts
-cope with sexual and aggressive urges

Freud's Three part of personality: conscious level, preconscious level, unconscious level id, ego, superego

Id: -related to sexual energy -content is not available to consciousness -work on Pleasure Principle -cannot distinguish reality from fantasy

Ego: -children growth and part of id develop cognitive function to deal with...
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