In 1963 Albert Bandura, Dorothea Ross and Sheila Ross conducted an experiment which was carried out at Stanford university to explore whether children would be likely to copy aggressive behaviour observed from another person which is referred to as a ‘model’ and does the violence that children observe on television, movies and video games and “how social learning operates through exposure to a particular behaviour” (investigating psychology page 123) leading them to behave aggressively also what factors would affect the experiment. All the children who participated in the experiment “attended the university nursery school” (investigating psychology page 110) the experiment which he conducted was called the Bobo Doll experiment which will be discussed in more detail.
The Bobo Doll was an inflatable plastic blow up doll which could not be knocked down to the floor Bandura et al. and colleagues conducted the experiment with the participation of 96 children with equal number of boys to girls all ages between 3 – 6years Bandura separated the children into four groups each containing twenty four children allocating each individual child into one of four groups “to see whether gender had any influence on the level of imitation of the aggressive behaviour observed” (Assignment Booklet page 10). Group one was a real life person situated in a room with various non aggressive toys and at another table was more aggressive toys and the Bobo doll the real life person showed the children how to play with the non aggressive toys then started to play with the more aggressive toys and started behaving aggressively towards the Bobo doll by sitting on the doll, punching it on the nose, hitting it on the head with a mallet and throwing the doll up in to the air and kicking it whilst doing this the real life person said things like “hit him down”, “kick him”, “Throw him in the air” (investigating psychology page 111). The child was...
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