Psychology

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Unit 17 Psychology for sports performance

17

Psychology for sports performance

Sport psychology is the study of people and their behaviours in a sporting arena. Recently, interest in sport psychology has increased. Athletes and coaches talk regularly in the media about how sporting success can be attributed to how focused and motivated a player is, or how well a team has been able to work together. As a result, there is now a growing appreciation of the huge impact that the mind can have on the performance of an athlete. Sport psychologists work with coaches, athletes and teams to try to help them to reach the highest levels of health and performance using a wide application of knowledge and a range of different techniques. Throughout this unit, you will examine a range of individual factors, including personality, motivation, stress, anxiety and arousal, that can influence an individual in their sports. After this, you will study the environment that athletes find themselves in and how the dynamics of a group or team can play a role in the outcome that an individual and teams can produce. Finally, you will apply your learning in a practical setting by assessing the psychological characteristics of individuals and deciding on methods to help them improve their performance.

Learning outcomes
After completing this unit you should: 1. know the effect of personality and motivation on sports performance 2. know the relationship between stress, anxiety, arousal and sports performance 3. know the role of group dynamics in team sports 4. be able to plan a psychological skills training programme to enhance sports performance.

1

BTEC’s own resources

Assessment and grading criteria
This table shows you what you must do in order to achieve a pass, merit or distinction grade, and where you can find activities in this book to help you. To achieve a pass grade the evidence must show that you are able to: To achieve a merit grade the evidence must show that, in addition to the pass criteria, you are able to: To achieve a distinction grade the evidence must show that, in addition to the pass and merit criteria, you are able to:

P1 define personality and how it P1 affects sports performance

See Assessment activity 17.1, page 8

M1 explain the effects of personality M1and motivation on sports

performance See Assessment activities 17.1, page 8 and 17.2, page 12.

D1 evaluate the effects of personality and motivation on D1

sports performance See Assessment activities 17.1, page 8 and 17.2, page 12.

P2 describe motivation and how it

affects sports performance See Assessment activity 17.2, page 12.

P3 describe stress and anxiety, their P2 causes, symptoms and effect on sports performance See Assessment activity 17.3, page 19

M2

D2

arousal and the effect on sports performance See Assessment activity 17.3, P3 page 19

P4 describe three theories of

M2 explain three theories of

arousal and the effect on sports performance See Assessment activity 17.3, page 19 influence group dynamics and performance in team sports See Assessment activity 17.4, page 25

P5 identify four factors which

P4 P6 assess the current psychological
skills of a selected sports performer, identifying strengths and areas for improvement See Assessment activity 17.5, page 40 skills training programme to enhance performance for a selected sports performer See Assessment activity 17.5, page 40

influence group dynamics and performance in team sports See Assessment activity 17.4, page 25

M3 explain four factors which

D2 analyse four factors which

influence group dynamics and performance in team sports See Assessment activity 17.4, page 25

P7 plan a six-week psychological

M4 explain the design of the six-

week psychological skills training programme for a selected sports performer See Assessment activity 17.5, page 40

D3 justify the design of the six-week

psychological...
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