Psychological disorders are examined in children that vary in age and are from different backgrounds. Research suggests that there are various contributing factors that contribute to psychological disorders. Some include environmental and genetic influences. Specifically, there are psychological disorders found to exist in children that include depression, post-traumatic stress and anxiety disorders which were reviewed. Psychological disorders in children that were untreated lead to later adulthood problems such as below average performance in school, psychiatric hospitalizations, and incarceration. Genetic factors are also indicated as ones that contribute to psychological disorders; these factors specifically, have been attributed to the health of the mother and the use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy. Environmental contributions that are reviewed include socioeconomic status, demographics, and traumatic events. Children that were exposed to both genetic and environmental factors showed a significant chance of developing psychological disorders as adults. Medication management and therapy have been useful in helping children to function in the home, school, as well as in the community.
Psychological Disorders in Children with the Approach of Reporting Current Research Associated to how Genetics and Environmental Factors Contribute to Disorders.
A psychological disorder, also known as a mental disorder, is a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple areas and/or create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms. Symptoms of psychological disorders in children have been neglected for years and today symptoms of psychological disorders are still overlooked by parents and teachers. Psychological disorders produce impairment in one and five percent of preteens who suffer from depression. (Feldman, 2011, pp. 280)
Since children’s symptoms are not expressed in the exact same way as adults, it is more common that psychological disorders in children are overlooked or simply neglected . For many children childhood depression and other psychological disorders are still significant problems. Childhood psychological disorders must be taken seriously because those who are affected by psychological disorders as children are at greater risk for future disorders during adulthood in addition to developing into a disruptive child or adolescent. (Feldman, 2011, pp.280-281)
Even though anti-depressant drugs have never been approved by governmental regulators for the use with children more than 10 million prescriptions were written for children under the age of 18 in 2002. Despite the fact that anti-depressant drugs have not been approved by governmental regulators it is legal for physicians to write prescriptions for children since the drugs have received approval for adult use (Feldman, 2011, pp.280).
Professionals who believe that depression and other psychological disorders can be treated effectively using drug therapies. These professionals tend to be supporters of increased use of antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil and Wellbutrin for children. More traditional non drug therapies that largely employ verbal methods simply are ineffective. In these cases, only small forms of relief can be provided by drugs. The effectiveness of anti-depressants with children has been proven by at least on clinical test (Feldman, 2011, pp.280).
However, critics contend that when it comes to children there is not much evidence for long-term effectiveness of anti-depressants. The fact that no one knows the consensus of the dosage of antidepressants of the developing brains of children, or the long-term consequences more generally is an even greater cause for alarm. When it comes to the correct dosage for children given ages or sizes, not much is known. Furthermore, some observers suggest that the use of special children’s versions of the drugs, in orange of mint flavored syrups, might...