Etymology: From the Greek word (Psycho=mind) + Latin word (Linguistics=tongue) Pronunciation: si-ko-lin-GWIS-tiks
Also known as: Psychology of Language
The psychology of language, including language acquisition by children, the mental processes underlying adult comprehension and production of speech, language disorders, etc. Study of the mental processes involved in the comprehension, production, and acquisition of language. Noam Chomsky
Father of Modern Linguistics
Chomsky's writing had the effect of making psychologists acutely aware of their lack of knowledge about the structure of language, and the futility of focusing attention exclusively upon the surface structure of language. Research has been directed to the evolutionary development of language, the biological bases of language, the nature of the sound system, the rules of syntax, the nature of meaning, and the process of language acquisition. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language. Psycholinguistics covers the cognitive processes that make it possible to generate a grammatical and meaningful sentence out of vocabulary and grammatical structures, as well as the processes that make it possible to understand utterances, words, text, etc. Developmental psycholinguistics studies children's ability to learn language. AREAS OF STUDY
(1) how do children acquire language (language acquisition)?; (2) how do people process and comprehend language (language comprehension)?; (3) how do people produce language (language production)?; and (4) how do adults acquire a new language (second language acquisition)? Language Acquisition
There are essentially two schools of thought as to how children acquire or learn language, and there is still much debate as to which theory is the correct one. The first theory states that all...