Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs

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Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs

Marah Lacey-Woods

PSY/240

05/05/2013
Dr. RAYMOND MC CLENEN

Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs

Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history. Schizophrenia is a group of severe brain disorders in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking and behavior. About one percent of Americans have this illness. People with the disorder may hear voices other people don't hear. Contrary to some popular belief, schizophrenia isn't split personality or multiple personality. The word "schizophrenia" does mean "split mind," but it refers to a disruption of the usual balance of emotions and thinking. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. This can terrify people with the illness and make them withdrawn or extremely agitated. People with schizophrenia may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for hours without moving or talking. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem perfectly fine until they talk about what they are really thinking. Families and society are affected by schizophrenia too. Many people with schizophrenia have difficulty holding a job or caring for them selves, so they rely on others for help. Treatment helps relieve many symptoms of schizophrenia, but most people who have the disorder cope with symptoms throughout their lives. However, many people with schizophrenia can lead rewarding and meaningful lives in their communities. Researchers are developing more effective medications and using new research tools to understand the causes of schizophrenia. In the years to come, this work may help prevent and better treat the illness. Schizophrenia symptoms also can be attributed to other mental illnesses, and no one symptom can pinpoint a diagnosis of schizophrenia. In men, schizophrenia symptoms typically start in the teens or 20s. In women, schizophrenia symptoms typically begin in the 20s or early 30s. It's uncommon for children to be diagnosed with schizophrenia and rare for those older than 45. Positive symptoms are psychotic behaviors not seen in healthy people. People with positive symptoms often "lose touch" with reality, these symptoms can come and go. Sometimes they are severe and at other times hardly noticeable, depending on whether the individual is receiving treatment. Delusions are beliefs are not based in reality and usually involve misinterpretation of perception or experience. They are the most common of schizophrenic symptoms. Hallucinations are usually involving seeing or hearing things that doesn’t exist, although hallucinations can be in any of the senses. Hearing voices is the most common hallucination among people with schizophrenia. Thought disorder are Difficulty speaking and organizing thoughts may result in stopping speech midsentence or putting together meaningless words, sometimes known as word salad. Disorganized behavior is what may show in a number of ways, ranging from childlike silliness to unpredictable agitation. Negative symptoms refer to a diminishment or absence of characteristics of normal function. They may appear with or without positive symptoms. Loss of interest in everyday activities, appearing to lack emotion, reduced ability to plan or carry out activities, Neglect of personal hygiene, Social withdrawal and Loss of motivation. Cognitive symptoms involve problems with thought processes. These symptoms may be the most disabling in schizophrenia because they interfere with the ability to perform routine daily tasks. A person with schizophrenia may be born with these symptoms such as Problems with making sense of information, Difficulty paying attention, and Memory problems. Schizophrenia symptoms in teenagers are similar to those in adults, but the condition may...
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