Protest in Nigeria

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Chapter 2
Protest movement in Nigeria
In democracy, having a wide spread number of people tell the government that they do not like its practices could herald to protest movements. As thus, it is a very effective way of getting changes made and raising or revisiting issues. History of protest movement

During the 19th and early 20th century, Nigerians sought and found ways to oppose the foreign rule. As the middle classes and the working classes became more educated, there came with it, the desire to have more say in the way their lives were run. Subsequently, local armed revolts, concentrated in the middle belt region broke out sporadically and intensified during World War I (1914-1918). Workers in mines, railways and various public services often went on strikes and carried out demonstration due to their poor wages and working conditions including the General action in 1945 where 30,000 workers stopped commercial activities for 37 days. More common was passive resistance, avoiding being counted in the census, ridiculing colonists and colonialism etc. A few political groups which were formed to campaign for independence though their success was slight. World War II (1939-1945), in which many Nigerians fought for or otherwise aided the Britain increased the pace of Nationalism. The growing anticolonial feeling was most strongly articulated by two groups mentioned earlier, the NCNC and the AG; and later in the 1950’s by the Northern People’s Congress led by the hausa-fulani elite. As the century wore on, a number of different groups emerged, each having their own distinct complain to make. Though some complained peacefully, others used violence, sabotage and threat to try and enforce change. The year 2012 was one filled with events of historic proportions. First, in response to the unpopular 120% hike in petrol price, the people spontaneously took to the streets across the country in stiff resistance plus couple an 8 day general strike and mass protests that subsequently won a stunted victory. Also, in a protest against the girl child education in the North, the Boko Haram sect which has killed no less than 935 persons in barely two years arose. Though, measures have been taken to quell these group, their violent movements and actions can still be traced till date. Periods of protest in Nigeria

The periods of protest in Nigeria could mainly be classified under two major headings; Protest of the colonial period
Post colonial protests
Protest of the colonial period
This highlights the period between 1900 and 1960 and is ear marked in history by the militant conflict and the European occupation and subjugation that precluded the capture and surrender of some local rulers which also served the European interest, ensuring social order through administration by regional officers. It was also in this period that we had the Aba women’s riot. Post colonial protest

This is the present period which we are in and began right after Nigeria’s independence. This period has been one for many protests including protests against dictatorship that has at least procured a safer country by reducing injuries, arrests and deaths and also securing a greater freedom for the press. The most significant behaviour here was the unity amongst demonstrators especially given the increasing report of increasing religious intolerance. This era could also be noted by various student protest movements whose instances include the riots that erupted at the University of Calabar, CrossRiver State in September 1991 in response to rumours that the University would be closed down. Also in 1991, secondary school students in Kaduna demonstrated, decrying increased fees. Some Lagos students who were dissatisfied with educational conditions and restrictions and conditions began protest which in the course of quelling it by the police resulted in the death of 3 students. Subsequently, this unrest spread to other campuses up till the point the government arrested...
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