Project Management and Problem Tree Analysis

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NSTP
by General Engineering R-112 on Friday, December 3, 2010 at 12:32am ·

COMMUNITY ORGANIZING

- a method of bringing about development in the community through collective problem solving

- the process of raising the people’s capacities, interest/desires and willingness in answering their needs, solving their problems, and working towards the common good through cooperative efforts and collective self-help efforts.

- enabling the people to become the principal actors in the process of development of the community.

The Community Organizing Process

Pre-Immersion

- Identification of the area for immersion/organizing

- Preliminary visit to the identified community – entry may be formal or informal.

- Gathering of initial data about the people in the community – initial immersion and integration.

Immersion Phase

- Data Gathering

- Analysis of data/diagnosis/consultation

- Planning the Solution/Validation

- Implementation

- Evaluation

Post Immersion

- Dialogues/Conferences

- Recommendations for Sustainability

- Follow-ups.

Do’s and Don’ts for a Community Organizer

Free yourself from biases and don’t discriminate
Be Flexible (avoid complaining / do not make comparisons) Good motivation
Smile to people and respect them
Converse and identify with people, refrain from engaging in vices. Do not dictate…start where people are.
Never make promises for help or favor
Treat people as partners in development
Coordinate with existing groups
Evaluate the projects and do not forget to thank the people.

SESSION FIVE

SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS

• A collective process of examining the prevailing social, political, economic, environmental, education, cultural and spiritual conditions of a given community.

• An activity that is done in a systematic and scientific manner.

5 Steps of Situational Analysis

1. Orientation - conduct a courtesy call to barangay officials / school principal.

2. Gather Data - data gathered will be th basis for identifying needs and problems that can contribute to achieve community goals.

DATA GATHERING TOOLS AND TIPS

Observation - the information you want is about observable things and events, and when you need to cross-check people’s account of what is happening.

Interviews - You need to know about people’s experience in some depths… the issue is sensitive.

Focus Group Discussion - a group interview, where six to twelve people are brought toge-ther for a discussion.

Questionnaires - A written list of questions, either given or posted to respondents, who fill it themselves

Study of Documentary Sources - Documents are treated as sources of data in their own right

VISUAL METHODS - DATA GATHERING

Participatory Mapping - This will allow you to discover the “mental maps” of community members.

Social Mapping - A group of local people is asked to show where the poorest households are located

Transects - A diagram of the main land use zones, helpful in research relating to natural resources and in learning quickly about a new place

3. Process and Analyse Data - the stage where you have to arrange, organize and classify the information you have gathered.

PROBLEM TREE ANALYSIS TOOL

(Cause and Effect)

• involves constructing a network of problems following a linear logic.

• A structured presentation of all identified and real problems that includes other relevant information about a particular problem.

CONSTRUCTING A PROBLEM TREE

There are a number of steps when constructing a problem tree.

• List all the problems that come to mind. The problem is an existing...
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