With the era of American Reconstruction in America during the mid to late 1800’s came a sense of opportunity and hope for its people. America was on the move as nation, railroads being built faster than ever and the freedmen looking to find their niche in society. Although in the beginning the government provided support for these new citizens, efforts toward reconstruction faded as the years passed. Those efforts faded to a point where they were all but nonexistent, and with the unwritten Compromise of 1877, what feeble efforts that were left of reconstruction were now all but dead. Politically, reconstruction failed to provide equality by pulling Federal troops from the South, allowing former Confederate officials and slave owners to return to power. Socially, it allowed those political figures back into power which allowed state legislatures to pass “Black Codes” quicker, insuring that the lives for freed blacks would not improve. Economically, the government’s poor regulation of the South allowed for the creation of another form of slavery, otherwise known as the sharecropping system. Thus, the actions of the American government during Reconstruction did not ensure equal rights to all freedmen. With the election of 1876 also came the destruction of dreams of millions of black Americans. The presidential race was between Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican candidate and Samuel J. Tilden, the Democratic nominee (Background Essay). Talk of another civil war began to arise in the states. So, in an informal, unwritten deal called the Compromise of 1877, Hayes was elected president and in return he pulled Federal troops out of the South. This satisfied the North by giving them their Republican leader, and it also satisfied the South with the withdrawal of the troops. But by removing the Federal troops from the South, it almost guaranteed that all-white governments would rise to power (Background Essay). This ensured that freedmen’s voices would no longer be...
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