February 7, 2012
Professional Counseling Positions and Settings
Professional counseling has been a growing field for many years. According to the United States Department of Labor (2010), in 2008 all counselors’ positions totaled 665,500 jobs. The professions involved in counseling are Educational, vocational, and school counselors, Rehabilitation counselors, mental health counselors, Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors, and Marriage and Family Therapists. There are other counselors as well, which held 33,400 out of the 665,500 counseling jobs. This paper will give information on the positions and the work environments of professional counselors that have obtained a master’s in counseling.
Educational, vocational, and school counselors primarily work in schools. Their work environment differs depending on which area they work in. “Professional school counselors support a safe learning environment and work to safeguard the human rights of all members of the school community” (Sandhu, 2000 pp. 81-85). “Professional School Counselors address the needs of all students through culturally relevant prevention and intervention programs that are a part of a comprehensive school counseling program” (Lee, 2001 pp. 163-171). Elementary school counselors work with individuals, small groups, and in a classroom setting. He or she observe the children while they play, their classroom behaviors, and meet with the child’s teacher and parents to discuss what areas the child needs more instruction. High school counselors focus more on a student's Future and well-being. They discuss with the student the areas of entrance exams, financial aid, trade or technical schools, admissions requirements, and his/her college major. Vocational counselors are usually not in a school setting. The counselor’s primary focus is helping people with career decisions. Vocational...