Chocolate is a key ingredient in many foods such as milk shakes, candy bars, cookies and cereals. Despite its popularity, most people do not know the unique origins of this popular treat. Chocolate is a product that requires complex procedures to produce. The process involves harvesting coca, refining coca to cocoa beans, and shipping the cocoa beans to the manufacturing factory for cleaning, coaching and grinding. These cocoa beans will then be imported or exported to other countries and be transformed into different type of chocolate products. Top five cocoa producing countries: Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Jamaica, Cuba. At this slide you can see that African countries produce almost 75% of the Worlds Cocoa. So we go directly to the production of chocolate.
Chocolate production starts with harvesting coca in a forest. Cocoa comes from tropical evergreen Cocoa trees, such as Theobroma Cocoa. Cocoa needs to be harvested manually(вручную) in the forest. The seed pods(семена) of coca will first be collected; the beans will be selected and placed in piles(сваи). These cocoa beans will then be ready to be shipped to the manufacturer for mass production. Step #1: Roasting and Winnowing the Cocoa
The first thing that chocolate manufacturers do with cocoa beans is roast(жарят) them. This develops the color and flavor of the beans into what our taste expect from chocolate. The outer shell of the beans is removed, and the inner cocoa bean meat is broken into small pieces called "cocoa nibs."
The roasting process makes the shells of the cocoa brittle. It achieves with the process called "winnowing"(веяние через сито). Step #2: Grinding the Cocoa Nibs
Grinding(шлифовка) is the process by which cocoa nibs are ground into "cocoa liquor", which is also known as cocoa mass. And then the cocoa liquor is mixed with cocoa butter and sugar. Step #3: Blending Cocoa liquor and molding Chocolate
After the mixing process, the blend is further refined to bring the particle size...
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