The impressive economic growth of china which is also leading to the increase in its GDP has encouraged other countries to compete with it, even the competing countries have to incur losses at the present. The problems below put to risk the economic growth and leadership of china.
Chinas population had hit 1 billion by the end of 1070s which was controlled by Deng Xiaoping’s government by implementing one-child policy. Chinese demographers estimate that china’s growth rate is 2 and 2.3 percent a year. “The PRC would thus have about 100 million more people than the 1.3 billion its 2000 census indicated.” The vaccination data indicate that many children are born every year than indicated by census bureau data. There were many children unreported for the year 2000 in fear of punishment.
One-child policy has lead to the want of a baby boy and not of a baby girl. The girl embryo is aborted, which is leading to a vast difference in the ratio of male and female which is 113–119:100 . This means that the number of men will increase so much that they will find no women to marry. The fine from parents giving birth to more than one child was becoming a source of income for the government. “Beijing announced that it was taking responsibility away from local authorities, but this was not expected to have any appreciable effect.”
The coal being produced in china is helping almost the three-quarters of china, but the coal being of bad quality is affecting the health of the people of republic of china, leading to mine-related deaths. “As the country’s economy grows, so does its need for oil. An oil exporter in 1993, imports were needed to meet one-third of China’s domestic needs in 2002. Even with that, by mid-summer 2003, two-thirds of its provinces had announced power restrictions.” Daqing, the major oil field in the country is being depleted, due to which china has to survive on...