Problems of Cyber Crime

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Some problems of cyber crime and cyber terrorism fighting

The international community has come to new epoch - information society epoch. At present the human activity depends on telecommunication technologies used in almost all fields of people activity (communications, transport, space, power industry, water supplying, finances, trading, science, education, defense, public maintenance of law and order, medicine and so). In 1998 there were connected to Internet only 143 millions of people, but in 2001 the users quantity has reached to 700 millions. Russian Internet segment yet has 6 millions users or so.

Rapid developing of telecommunications and global computer networks has created the reasons, which allow to commit of cyber crimes in the high technologies field more easier. The telecommunication technologies opportunities use by criminal organizations very widely. The typical examples of such kind of crimes are:

-transmitting of crimes collected capitals,
-untaxed financial operations,
-cracks and weapon sales through Internet,
-crimes connections commitment by use of E-mail,
-compromising" spreading,
-theft of passwords and accessing networks codes,
-unlawful information coping, including commercial and confidential one, -hacker attacks,
-producing and use of cloned personal radio-electronic measures ("similar").

By the way many of these crimes by idea, committing and results may be named as terrorist actions.

Terrorist actions in the cyberspace could be done not only isolated persons or terrorist groups, but one state against another. By that cyber terrorism not differ from other kind of terrorism by nothing. Extremist groups, separatist forces, advocates of ideas, which defy to the universal values intensive use of modern technologies for their idea propaganda and information wars conduction.

So, creating of finding and neutrality of influence on the information technologies is the main task of the society and it law-defense authorities. This understood so in the Russian Federation well.

By the Maine office of special technical measures (M O S T M) of the Russian Department of Interior dates during 2001 year the quantities of committed in the cyber information field crimes on the territory of the Russia increased in 1.5 times or so compared with 2000 year.

The international community realized fully the possibility consequences rate from the cyber criminal thread and there was signed the International Convention of cyber criminal by the representatives of EC countries and also US, Canada and Japan in the November 2001. In the convention the crimes, which committed in the information field or against information resources or with the help of information measures factually ruled as cyber crimes and ruled the approximate list of this crimes:

-Unlawful access to information environment.
-No legal interception of information resources.
-Intervention into containing on the magnetic transmitters information. -Intervention into the computer system.
-Unlawful use of telecommunication equipment.
-Forgery with use of computer measures.
-Deviousness with use of computer measures.
-Crimes, which connected with considered in the Convention contents actions. -Crimes, which connected with "child" porno.
-Crimes, which connected with author and related rights breaking.

We think that cyber crime (and cyber terrorism as one of it kind) is the intervention into the telecommunication networks work, functioning in their environment computer programs or no sanctioning modification of the computer dates, leading to disorganization of the very important elements of the state infrastructure and creating of people death danger, causing the significant property loss or coming of other social danger consequences which makes to destroy the social protection, population frightening or influencing to the authorities decisions which profitably for criminals or their unlawful...
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