Problem Solution Essay

Topics: Air pollution, Environmentalism, Fossil fuel Pages: 6 (1623 words) Published: December 10, 2012

Yasmin Leal

Air Pollution
(Attention Getter) When people think about air pollution, they usually think about smog, acid rain, and other forms of outdoor air pollutants. But did you know that air pollution can exist inside homes and buildings? In the article “Air Pollution Fatalities Now Exceed Traffic Fatalities by 3 to 1”, Bernie Roberts (2002) says that 70,000 people die each year from the effects of air pollution. This outrageous number of people dying is because of human activities that release substances into the air that cause health problems. (Credibility & Relevancy) Nobody wants to die because of polluted air, and this wish is shared by most human beings. (Thesis & Preview) It is not just humans who are adversely affected by air pollution but also plants, living organisms, and the natural environment. Something must be done to decrease and potentially prevent air pollution from harming mankind and the other living organisms on Earth. Body-

I. Problem: Air pollution is a significant cause of health problems and eventual death worldwide

A. Severity/Significance of Problem: The American Lung Association estimates that more than 64,000 Americans die each year due to inhalation of microscopic particles from factories, electric power plants, and car emissions.

1. Detailed Explanation: Many people are suffering from asthma due to inhaling these toxic particles, damaging their respiratory and immune systems.

a. Safety: Because people are always going outside, especially when the weather is nice, it is very important to keep our air clean and comfortable for people to breathe.

b. Ethos: No one enjoys breathing second-hand smoke, smog, or car exhaust, so we need to work together to diminish the pollutants we allow in the air.

II. Problem’s Direct/Indirect Effect: Air pollution negatively effects everyone directly and indirectly. A. Direct Effect: The American Academy of Family Physician’s article titled “Air Pollution,” (2011) tells us that United States factories release over 3 million tons of toxic chemicals into the land, air, and water each year.

1. Detailed Explanation & Evidence: This means that because of the chemicals with which we are contaminating our Earth, people develop many types of diseases. Some short-term effects include irritations to the eye, nose, throat, as well as upper respiratory infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Each and every day, almost 15 billion people breathe high levels of pollution, making air pollution one of the main causes of premature death in this country.

B. Indirect Effect: The long term health effects of air pollution can include lung cancer, heart disease, damage to the brain, nerves, liver, or kidneys, and eventually death. 1. Detailed Explanation & Evidence: According to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s article (2011) titled “How Can Air Pollution Hurt My Health?” by the year 2031, 7,000,000 Americans will have died from long term chronic exposure to air pollution. This means that if we do not do something soon, air pollution will only get worse and more people will die.

III. Possible Solutions: There are several possible solutions to prevent and reduce air pollution, such as more environment-friendly vehicles, cautiously using chemicals, and recycling. A. Possible Solution #1: One of the solutions to the devastating air pollution problem is environment-friendly vehicles.

1. Detailed Explanation: Car dealerships and car rental companies could sell and rent only electric, hybrid, and low emission gasoline-powered vehicles..

2. Evidence: According to Sarah Franklin’s article “Community Action” (2011), car dealers and rental car companies who have adapted environmentally friendly vehicles have prevented more than 15 tons of air pollution since 1998.

3. Drawbacks: One of the drawbacks to this...
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