Principles of Assessment

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UNIT 3
Principles and practice of Assessment
Educational assessment is the process of documenting, usually in measurable terms, knowledge, skills, attitudes and beliefs. Assessment can focus on the individual learner, the learning community (class, workshop, or other organized group of learners), the institution, or the educational system as a whole. According to the Academic Exchange Quarterly: "Studies of a theoretical or empirical nature (including case studies, portfolio studies, exploratory, or experimental work) addressing the assessment of learner aptitude and preparation, motivation and learning styles, learning outcomes in achievement and satisfaction in different educational contexts are all welcome, as are studies addressing issues of measurable standards and benchmarks". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_assessment

Some of the key concepts of assessment are as follows:
* Accountability
* Achievement
* Assessment Strategies
* Initial, Formative or Summative types
Accountability means that I am answerable to my learners and my organisation to ensure that I am performing my role as an assessor correctly. I always let my learners know when they are going to be assessed and how they will meet the criteria. Achievement- I will look at what the learner has achieved while they have been doing the course and compare this with the standards to ensure they have been fully met. Assessment Strategy- I follow my organisations assessment strategy for the subject I am assessing to ensure I am carrying out my role correctly. The assessment strategy I follow for NVQ2 in Cleaning is: * UPK questions

* Observations
* Progress Review
* Supplementary questions
* Exit Interview.
The qualifications and experience I require are A1 V1 and experience in the cleaning industry. Formal Assessment
* Ongoing during a course
* It enables progress to be regularly monitored and reviewed

* The student can see what they need to develop further before a final assessment * A student can identify gaps in their learning
* It shows a student how much they have learnt so far which encourages and motivates them Methods of Formal Assessment
* Tracking Sheet
* Observations
* Tutorials
* Midway Review
* Oral Questions
Summative Assessment
* Usually taken at the end of the course
* Usually leads to a pass/fail situation
* Tests whether performance criteria have been met
Methods of Summative Assessment
* Exit Interview
* Portfolio Completion
* Demonstration
* Summative Testing
* Evaluation Form
“Summative assessment takes place at the end of a course or topic and is used mainly for certification purposes. It is used to see if a student has learned the material and is capable of going on to further study.” Formative assessment is most suitable where the results are to be used internally for example: Teachers to ensure learning has taken place and for improving methods of instruction and for students to have an idea of their success etc whilst summative assessment can be set by the teacher or by an awarding body/examination body. When making a summative decision I confirm to my learners that they have met the criteria. They may receive a certificate as with NVQ2 or progress further with their training. Summative assessment takes place at the end of a course or topic and is used mainly for certification purposes. Formative assessment, on the other hand, takes place during the course and is useful in telling the student how the learning is proceeding. Reece Walker 2007p323.

STRENGTHS WEAKNESSESS Formative Assessment Formative Assessment Role Play Make learners uncomfortable Physical demonstration of ability Embarrassed...
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