Principle of Good Research Proposal

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Principles of Good Research & &
Research Proposal Guide e

Prepared by the Policy, Performance and Quality Assurance Unit (Adults) Tamsin White

March 2006

Principles of Good Research All research is different but the following factors are common to all good pieces of research involving social care service users, their families and carers and staff working in this area.

There is a clear statement of research aims, which defines the research question.

There is an information sheet for participants, which sets out clearly what the research is about, what it will involve and consent is obtained in writing on a consent form prior to research beginning.

The methodology is appropriate to the research question. So, if the research is into people’s perceptions, a more qualitative, unstructured interview may be appropriate. If the research aims to identify the scale of a problem or need, a more quantitative, randomised, statistical sample survey may be more appropriate. Good research can often use a combination of methodologies, which complement one another.

The research should be carried out in an unbiased fashion. As far as possible the researcher should not influence the results of the research in any way. If this is likely, it needs to be addressed explicitly and systematically.

From the beginning, the research should have appropriate and sufficient resources in terms of people, time, transport, money etc. allocated to it.

The people conducting the research should be trained in research and

research methods and this training should provide:

 Knowledge around appropriate information gathering techniques,  An understanding of research issues,  An understanding of the research area,  An understanding of the issues around dealing with vulnerable social care clients and housing clients, especially regarding risk, privacy and sensitivity and the possible need for support.

Those involved in designing, conducting, analysing and supervising the research should have a full understanding of the subject area.

In some instances, it helps if the researcher has experience of working in the area. However, this can also be a negative factor, as sometimes research benefits from the fresh eyes and ears of an outsider, which may lead to less bias.

If applicable, the information generated from the research will inform the policy-making process.

All research should be ethical and not harmful in any way to the participants.

Research Proposal Guide The following topic areas and questions need to be covered in any application to do research which involves direct or indirect access to social care service users, vulnerable adults in the housing service, their families and carers and/or members of council staff. How you write your proposal is up to you but if you can address the criteria in this guide it will help the South West London Research Governance Consortium to make a judgement about your research proposal, so answering as many of the questions as possible will simplify the approval process. Questions to address in preparing your research proposal 1. Background Why is this research important? What other studies have there been in this area? How will this research add to knowledge in this area? What do you want to find out? What is the main question you wish to answer? What are the specific questions you will ask to address the main question? 2. How you will do your research Will you be doing this research on your own or with others? Have you provided full details of anyone else you intend to carry out this research with, including fieldworkers? Who are you targeting in this research? How many people or case files do you intend to interview or read through?

Where will the research take place?
Will participants be clearly and fully informed of the purpose of the research study?
How will you do this?
How will participants be clear about the...
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