prehispanic education

Topics: Philippines, Education, Teacher Pages: 7 (1079 words) Published: October 9, 2013

TOPIC:Pre-Hispanic and Spanish Education
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A GLIMPSE OF THE PAST:

Some evolutionist believed that the 1st man in the Philippines lived in Palawan about 25,000 years ago The 1st Filipino lived in Tabon caves in Palawan thus they are called the ‘Tabon Man” They belonged to the Stone Age culture and used stone tools and has no knowledge about the use of metal They hunted wild animals with crude stone tools and make clothes using simple stone tools They did not know how to farm or raise animals

They were short with bushy eyebrows, and a low forehead
They lived in a very harsh surroundings and it was a daily battle for survival Most of the time was spent looking for food

OUR ANCESTORS

NEGRITOS:

The 1st people to come to the Philippines and were called Atis or Aetas They came across the land bridges from mainland Asia about 25,000 years ago They were very small people and less than five feet tall

They were called Negritos because they have black skin, short kinky hair, thick lips and black nose They wandered in the forest and lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants and fruits. They use bow and arrow for hunting.

INDONESIANS:

1st immigrants to come by the sea to the Philippines about 5,000 yrs. Ago and sailed in boats from South Asia. They drove the Negritos into the mainland and lowland
There were two types of Indonesians
Tall with light skin, large and high nose and thin lips
Shorter and darker, large nose and lips
They were more advanced than Negritos
They lived in permanent homes and used fire to cook their food They lived by hunting, fishing and small farming
They painted their bodies with colorful figures.

MALAYS:

The Malays came after the Indonesians about 2,000 years ago and arrived in boats from Southeast Asia They drove the Indonesians to the forests and lived in the lowlands They were medium in height, brown-skinned, with dark eyes, flat nose and straight black hair. They were more civilized than the Indonesians

They lived in larger villages, had government, writings, music, arts and sciences; they lived by agriculture, fishing, mining, and trading

COMPARISON OF SYTEM OF EDUCATION

PRE-SPANISH SYSTEM OF EDUCATION

TEACHERS

SUBJECTS TAUGHT

STRATEGIES

TRIBAL TUTORS- the Babaylan and Katalonan; Imam or Ulema

MOTHERS

FATHERS

Theoretical/moral and spiritual awakening

Housekeeping
Basket-weaving and making
Other agriculture-related activities

Hunting
Carpentry
Agriculture
Ship building
Mining
Skills taught vary on their industries and locations

Oral (tell me)
Practical (show me)
Hands-on (observation and imitation
Indoctrination

SPANISH PERIOD

TEACHERS

SUBJECTS

TEACHING METHODS

TYPES OF EDUCATION

Friars (Augustinians, Francis-
cans,

Domini-cans, and Jesuits) took charge in teaching, control-ling and maintain-ing the rules and regula-tions imposed to the students

Focused mainly on the teaching and learning of Christian Doctrine Reading and writing in the dialect
Music and arithmetic
Trade and industry

Dictation
Memorization
Other forms such as ‘moro-moro’, cenaculo, and theatrical performances

Authoritarian
Teacher-centered
Subject-centered
Imposition of severe discipline

COMPARISON OF PHILOSOPHICAL PRACTICES

A. PRE-HISPANIC:

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION:

PERENNIALISM
PROGRESSIVISM

PRE-HISPANIC PERIOD

The educators were the Babaylan, Katalonan, Imam or Ulema and was considered authorities They are masters because they possess wisdom and knowledge on spirituality and system of governing their own society Type of education that was taught to the people was based on beliefs and traditions Education was proliferated through the Islam religion

Children were taught how to read, write and comprehend Arabic by using the Koran as their textbooks

Skills are honed...
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