Hydro energy contribution to power generation in india .
Power generation sector is always a considering sector in india . India as being a developing country lags behind in the power generation to fulfil the demand supply ratio . But still there is always an increment in power generation year by year . Indian ministry of power have been building new policies to meet the expectation in energy generation by using conventional and nonconventional sources of energy . India is putting emphasis on making best use of non conventional resources of energy and has the fifth largest electricity generation capacity in the world today more than one hundred and sixty four thousand MW today and the worlds third largest transmission and distribution network . It is also standing at third position in power generation through wind energy and looking for new advancement in Thermal , Nuclear ,Hydro and Solar energies . Our honourable Union minister shri sushil kumar shinde has stated that the scope for investment in the power sector over the next few years is well over US $ 300 billion and given the large expansion programme in this sector, we would definitely need and welcome a large amount of Foreign Direct Investment ( 7th Annual India Investment Forum titled "India-An Attractive Investment Destination" in New York ) .He also added that drawing on India's substantial knowledge base, many foreign high-technology firms are increasingly finding it attractive to conduct advanced research and development in India and added that out of Fortune 500 companies around 200 have set up research and development base in India.
Power Generation Statistics :
Total Installed Capacity: Power for All by 2012
Sector MW %age
State Sector 80,849.12 52.5
Central Sector 51,727.63 34.0
Private Sector 31,932.05 13.5
Created with Print2PDF. To remove this line, buy a license at: http://www.binarynow.com/ Fuel MW %age
Total Thermal 106432.98 64.6
Coal 87,858.38 53.3
Gas 17,374.85 10.5
Oil 1,199.75 0.9
Hydro (Renewable) 37,086.40 24.7
Nuclear 4,560.00 2.9
RES** (MNRE) 16,429.42 7.7
Renewable Energy Sources(RES) include SHP, BG, BP, U&I and Wind Energy SHP= Small Hydro Project ,BG= Biomass Gasifier ,BP= Biomass Power, U & I=Urban & Industrial Waste Power, RES=Renewable Energy Sources India is significant consumer of energy resources and is standing at fourth position in consumption of oil resources after United states , china , and japan. Coal account for nearly 40 percent of India’s total energy consumption, followed by nearly 27 percent for combustible renewable and waste. Oil accounts for nearly 24 percent of total energy consumption, natural gas six percent ,hydroelectric power almost 2 percent, nuclear nearly 1 percent, and other renewable less than 0.5 percent.
Created with Print2PDF. To remove this line, buy a license at: http://www.binarynow.com/ Though the government has taken steps in recent years to deregulate the hydrocarbons industry and encourage greater foreign involvement, India’s oil sector is dominated by state-owned enterprises.
In 2007, India had approximately 159 gigawatts (GW) of installed electric capacity and generated 761 billion kilowatt hours. Nearly all electric power in India is generated with coal, oil, or gas. Conventional thermal sources produced over 80 percent of electricity in 2007. Hydroelectricity, a seasonally dependent power source in India, accounted for nearly 16 percent of power generated in 2007. Finally, nuclear energy produced roughly 2 percent of electricity during the same year, while geothermal and other renewable sources accounted for approximately 2 percent.
India suffers from a shortage of electricity generation capacity. According to the World Bank, roughly 40 percent of residences in India are without electricity . In addition, blackouts are a common occurrence throughout the country’s main cities(India Energy Data, Statistics and Analysis , 2010)
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