Poultry

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Philippines Chicken Industry Updates
Thursday, July 22, 2010
General Information:
According to the Philippine Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, domestic chicken production increased by 1.53 percent in 2009 and is projected to expand again this year. Demand for chicken meat is also forecast to rise this year as a result of a projected improvement in the Philippine economy and a growing population. The importation of chicken meat also increased by 47 percent in 2009, the majority of which came from the United States, Canada and Brazil. Production:

The Philippine poultry sector, valued at about P144 billion ($3.20 billion [1]), expanded by 10 percent in 2009 and represents about 14 percent of total agricultural production in the country. Chicken production, valued at P98 billion ($2.17 billion) and the primary source of growth in this sector, went up by 10 percent.

According to the Philippine Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS), Philippine chicken production increased by 1.53 percent last year, by volume, as a result of increased broiler production in commercial farms in Central Luzon, CALABARZON (Cavite-Laguna-Batangas), Central Visayas and Northern Mindanao. Production of chicken eggs went up by 5.04 percent. Higher inventory of layers and better egg-laying efficiency were observed throughout the year. 

In 2009, domestic broiler production reached almost 665 TMT (carcass weight equivalent). According to government and industry analysts, domestic broiler production in 2010 is forecast to increase by about 3 to 4 percent. 

[1] US$1=Philippine Peso (P) 46.68, as of June 8, 2010; made up of chicken, duck, duck eggs & chicken eggs  Consumption:
According to BAS, total annual demand in 2009 for broiler meat reached nearly 689 TMT, up more than 3 percent from the previous year. Projected improvements in the Philippine economy as well as population growth are expected to continue to push-up consumption of chicken meat in 2010. Moreover, the continued high retail price of pork may result in some shift from pork to chicken by consumers. 

Per capita chicken consumption in 2008 was at 8.64 kg/year, an increase of almost 10 percent from the previous year. 

Trade:
The importation of chicken meat also increased by 47 percent in 2009, the majority of which came from the United States (41 percent), Canada (38 percent) and Brazil (21 percent). Imports of chicken leg quarters, in particular, increased by 64 percent, while imports of mechanically deboned chicken, used mainly in the production of hotdogs and processed meat products, increased by 45 percent. In 2009, the Philippine Department of Agriculture (DA) approved special importations of chicken of up to 8,000 MT, exempt from special safeguard duties, which contributed to the increase in chicken trade last year.

Policy:
WTO Commitments: Since 2005, the DA has continued to maintain 10th or final-year Minimum Access Volume (MAV) levels under its Uruguay Round commitments. For fresh/chilled/frozen poultry HS 0207, the final-year MAV was 23,490 MT. The DA previously stated that it will continue to do so until such time as a new WTO agreement is reached. In late 2007, the DA announced that it would undertake a review of MAV distribution guidelines in order to allow new entrants and more entities to participate in the MAV system. In February 2009, after extensive and spirited consultations with local stakeholders and main trading partners, then Philippine Agriculture Secretary Arthur C. Yap announced that the current MAV system would remain in place and that no changes to would be initiated under his watch. A new administration will take over starting July 2010. 

Minimum Access Volumes: Data from the DA MAV Management Committee shows that fresh/chilled/frozen poultry meat MAV utilization increased to 96 percent in 2009 from 89 percent the previous year. Despite uniform in and out-of quota duties of 40 percent for most poultry...
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