Pollution Prevention 2
Finding ways to reduce pollution through reducing or eliminating waste at the source by modifying production processes, promoting the use of non-toxic or less-toxic substances, implementing conservation techniques, and re-using materials rather than putting them into the waste stream is extremely important to future generations. The advancement of all-inclusive pollution avoidance and lessening program that focuses on human population stabilization, residential, commercial and industrial solid waste, wastewater, and recycling is the answer. I will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of such programs, including its long-term viability, its economic feasibility and the political process as well as ways to develop sustainable policies.
Human population stabilization is one of the many key components to helping to reduce pollution. The Earth’s carrying capacity is being pushed and perhaps exceeded and the human population is a huge cause of it. We are already seeing the consequences of the increased population though overfishing, polluted waterways, and deforestation and by making family planning services available to everyone we could start to stabilize the population. “Programs vary from culture to culture, but most provide information on birth spacing, birth control, and health care for pregnant women and infants.” (Miller & Spoolman, 2012) The government in China provides various services to couples in regards to family planning and if the residents of China follow the guidelines then they are rewarded. If the government had not stepped in, China was heading to a mass starvation because they were meeting their carrying capacity for the country. India has had great success also in providing family planning services. Using education, empowering women, providing family planning and birth control contraceptives, and incentives are all good places to start. Empowering women has been shown to slow the population growth Pollution Prevention 3
and this is done by educating them. Providing the women with ability to earn an income, control fertility through birth control, and simply living in a society that lets women have the rights to make their own choices is important. Family planning goes hand-in-hand with empowering women also. Providing healthcare and education services to couples help them decide the size of family that is appropriate for them. Through both of these, family planning and empowerment of women, we are able to decrease the stress we put on our environment. “The government has promulgated a series of policies and measures to control population growth, utilize resources, minimize the environmental deterioration, and thereby maintain the harmonious relationship between population, resources, and environment.” (Chen-Kuo, 2012) But even with all the government’s rewards and policies, the public without education will not understand and/or follow them. The following is a table showing the possible outcome if people start to think about population and the environmental impact by cooperating with the policies and guidelines. Payoff matrix for both players faced with different population strategies and the changes of farming land Player B|
Player A| Cooperative| Population grows zeroFarming land decreases zero| Population grows 0.5%Farming land decreases 2.5%| | Uncooperative| Population grows 0.5%Farming land decreases 2.5%| Population grows 1%Farming land decreases 5%| (Chen-Kuo, 2012)
Pollution Prevention 4
As shown above without the cooperation and understanding of the public, the human population will destroy the precious, few natural resources our planet offers.
Residential solid waste is another source of large amounts of pollution. Some of the most common causes are listed below that add to the residential or...