Topics: Polio vaccine, Poliomyelitis, Nervous system Pages: 2 (481 words) Published: May 10, 2013
POLIO- Draft
Done by: Fariha Ibnath Khan
Polio is also known as poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis. Polio is a viral disease that affects nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis. It’s a disease caused by inflammation of nerve cells in the brain stem or spinal cord. The first polio was mentioned in Europe in the 19th century and was first reported in the United States in 1843. Michael Underwood first described this disease in children as Polio in 1789. The diseases history changed when the first vaccine was licensed in 1955. The vaccines name was inactivated polio vaccine. Oral polio vaccine (OPV) was introduced in 1961. The reports of polio increased in developed countries. More and more people were being affected by these diseases. The severity of the disease and the death rates badly increased. In 1952 this disease reached to the United States of paralytic polio and it was of more than 21000 cases were reported. Then sanitizations improved and the rates of polio decreased. Polio was eliminated in the Western countries, by following some steps like: Giving polio vaccination, immunization strategies. Symptoms

Non paralytic polio: Fever, Sore throat, Headache, Vomiting, Tiredness, Back pain, stiffness, Neck pain, Pain in arms or legs, hurting Muscles, and Meningitis. Paralytic polio: Loss of reflexes, severe muscle aches and Loose and floppy limbs (flaccid paralysis). Post-polio syndrome: muscle or joint weakness and pain progression, Tiredness and exhaustion after physical activities, Breathing or swallowing problems and intolerance of cold temperature. Diagnosis:

Doctors recognize polio by symptoms, like neck and back pain, bad reflexes, and difficulty swallowing or breathing. For the diagnosis to be confirmed a colorless fluid which surrounds your brain and spinal cord are checked for the seeing if you have the virus but the detection of the virus is very rare in some cases. Polio is caused by the Poliomyelitis virus and the organ that...
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