The Poaching of Animals
The capturing and hunting of animals has been around even before recorded history. The hunting of animals is a way for humans to survive and provide food. This is understandable to most, but there are some people out there who kill animals for other reasons or no reason at all. This is known as poaching. Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting, killing, or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights. (Webster) People are poach animals all around the world and it is leading to many problems worldwide. Many animals are dying every day by poachers and it makes me sad that there isn’t being enough done to save some of the animals’ lives. Many things need to be done to put an end to these animals being killed. I propose that people need to be more informed of this happening, it needs to be better enforced, and that there needs to be harsher punishments for the crimes in order to decrease the numbers of animals being killed by poachers. What most people don’t know is that people poach for different reasons than hunters do. Hunters kill for food and sport, with licenses needed. What poachers do is more inhumane. They mainly kill animals illegally to make money off of them. This can include anything such as the fur of a tiger, the horn of a rhino, or a tusk from an elephant. On top of all of that, a lot of the animals being killed are endangered. To get into some examples of the problem, one of the most poached animal in the world is the Rhinoceros. According to Save the Rhino International, rhinos were once abundant throughout Africa and Asia with an approximated worldwide population of 500,000 in the early twentieth century. However, despite intensive conservation efforts, poaching of this iconic species is dramatically increasing, pushing the remaining rhinos closer and closer towards extinction. The Western black rhino was declared extinct by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) in 2011, with the primary cause identified as poaching. In fact, all five remaining rhinoceros species are listed on the IUCN Redlist of threatened species, with three out of five species classified as critically endangered. It also has stated that the country of South Africa contains about 83% of the rhinoceros’ in Africa as well as 73% of rhinoceros’ worldwide. Since the rhinoceros’ are all mainly in the same area, you would think the poaching of them would be heard about and well enforced in that area. The answer to this is no. According to the South African Department of Environmental Affairs, the number of poaching over the years have increased majorly. As a little visual, I would like to display a graph: As you can see in 2013, 1004 rhinoceros deaths, which equals almost three deaths a day. Why are there so many deaths? The demand for the horn has increased over the years. The main demand if the horn is from the Asian medicine market. It sounds like a good thing right? The killing of the animal is aiding in saving a human. The answer is no. After researching, I found information on the demand for this and it was a shocking discovery for me. The Asian medicine market has a demand for this but there is NO SCIENTIFIC PROOF of it is medical value, according to World Wild Fund. So in a sense, these rhinos are being killed for no reason other than making the poachers wealthy. With that being said, this demand has created highly profitable and organized international poaching criminal syndicates who deploy advanced technologies ranging from night vision scopes, silenced weapons, darting equipment and helicopters to carry out their mission. Another example of poaching that has become a huge problem is the poaching of the Bengal tiger. The Bengal tiger is found mainly in India and can also be found in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Myanmar. Even though it is the most numerous of all of the tiger subspecies, there are fewer than 2,500 left in the wild. According...
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