American University of Beirut
Ms. Dorota Fleszer
Plastic Surgery: Good or Evil
God is beautiful and loves beauty. As humans, we are working on adopting this theory whereby plastic surgery is our leader. A large number of people undergo plastic surgery, adopt the latest medical techniques and make their body physically fit and beautiful. The practice of plastic surgeries is affecting our lives in many domains; in particular, psychosocially. For instance, the goal of this research project is to spot light on the pros and cons debate concerning plastic surgeries. Through this paper, I will be presenting the argument through relying mainly on quoting experts and using credible sources. I will be talking about plastic surgery done for ethnical, medical, psychological and human life improvement purposes. I will also go through the religious views toward the practice of plastic surgery and show the medical risks of this practice. Yet, this paper presents interweaving of the psychologist Dr. Nidal Najjar and the medical surgeon Dr. Nabil Kanj. Choosing this topic to argue was not so hard. As a Lebanese, this topic raises my interest. Lebanon has become “Mecca” of plastic surgery. Plastic surgery, being used for both cosmetic and reconstructive purposes, is being opposed by group of people who still believe that such surgery will lead to the dilemma of humanity, or because they are still prejudiced to the idea that what God created should never be altered. However, although of the large group of opponents against plastic surgery, proponents did prove that the latter affects people positively and can serve as solution for various humanity problems.
Definition of Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery is a medical term which describes a surgery concerned with the repair of distorted, defective, injured or misshapen part of the body. As for some people, the use of the word “plastic” means some thing superficial. While for others, they believe that the word plastic implies the implantation of plastic material in our body. However, it is neither the former nor the latter. The word “plastic” is derived from Greek origin plastikos, meaning able to be molded (Kita, 2009, origin and definition section). This medical specialty is concerned with reconstructing and reshaping body parts. Plastic surgery may be divided into cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. The former seeks to enhance one’s physical features and body parts with no trauma or injury, but based on purely aesthetic level. Reconstructive surgery is done to correct any deformed or abnormal physical feature whether it is acquired or congenital. One of the most important examples supporting the use of plastic surgeries from old years was in World War I when new medical techniques for plastic surgery were developed for caring for soldiers suffering from disfigured facial features (2007). According to Dr. Kanj, cosmetic surgery is necessary from the medical perspective while cosmetic surgery is not. He meant that the latter focuses on satisfying people who are displeased with their faces or their breasts or their noses or their color and many others.
Plastic Surgery and Ethnicity
Plastic surgery is used to eradicate signs of ethnicity. As a practice, ethnic cosmetic surgery is not new. Since the 20th century, the time of emergence of cosmetic surgery, individuals in the United States & Europe not only have looked at enhancing their appearance, but also they were concerned with eradicating physical features that marked them as “Other” (Davis, pp. 89). Early cosmetic surgeons...
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