Plains Indians

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PLAINS INDIANS

The American Indians are among the best known of all Native Americans. These Indians played a significant role in shaping the history of the West. Some of the more noteworthy Plains Indians were Big Foot, Black Kettle, and Crazy Horse. Big Foot

Big Foot was also known as Spotted Elk. Born in the Northern Great Plains, he eventually became a Minneconjou Teton Sioux chief. He was part of a tribal delegation that traveled to Washington, D.C., and worked to establish schools throughout the Sioux Territory. He was one of those massacred at Wounded Knee in December 1980. Black Kettle

Black Kettle was born near the Black Hills in present-day South Dakota. He was recognized as a Southern Cheyenne peace chief for his efforts to bring peace to the region. However, his attempts to accommodate were no successful, and his band was massacred at Sand Creek in 1864. Even though he continued to seek peace, he was killed with the reminder of his tribe in Oklahoma in 1868. Crazy Horse

Crazy Horse was also born near the Black hills. His father was a medicine man his mother was the sister of Spotted Tail. He was recognized as a skilled hunter and fighter. Crazy Horse believed he was immune from the battle injury and took part in all the major Sioux battles to protect the Black Hills against with intrusion. Perhaps he is most remembered for leading the Sioux and Cheyenne in the battle of the Little Bighorn, where his warriors defeated Custer’s forces. Crazy Horse is regarded as the greatest leader of the Sioux and a symbol of their heroic resistance.
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