Subject: Engineering Application of Information Technology (EAT 106) Name: Ravin Raj A/L Vijaya Kamaraj
Course : Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Mechanical
Student ID : SCM-013090
Lecture: Cik Anis
The case study was done on the Piper Alpha disasters which happened in 1988. First the management and the operation process is analysed and studied hence to the structure. Secondly the cause of accident examined and researched to have a detailed pictured how did the disaster happen and the consequences lead by it. Followed by steps and improvement which is done after the incident to prevent such disaster to happen again. The case study is concluded with the safety precautions should be installed and practised in the platform. IntroductionThis is a case study about the Piper Alpha disaster, on the management operations and structures, the objective of the management, the industrial process of the platform, the causes of the accident together with the consequences of the accident and case study on the improvement and the prevention of such disaster again. Piper alpha was a sea oil production platform operated by Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd.  The platform began production in 1976,first as an oil platform and then later converted to gas production. An explosion and resulting fire destroyed it on 6 July 1988, this catastrophic event killed in total of 167 men,  with only 61 survivors. The death toll includes two crewmen of a rescue vessel who tried to save the victims of the fire.  Total insured loss was about £1.7 billion (US$3.4 billion). The moment of the disaster the platform was accounted for nearly ten percent of oil and gas production, and was the worst offshore oil disaster in terms of lives lost and industry impact.  Some evidence says the new gas pipeline was built in the weeks before the 6 July explosion, and while this work disrupted the normal routine, the platform was operating as normal. The discovery of a small gas leak is usual and not a concern at the platform at that time due to carelessness the platform was completely destroyed and caused life of 167 men on the platform, and many of those involved died, analysis of events began.  2.1 Management and OperationsAn oil and gas platform is a large structure with facilities to drill wells, to extract and process oil and natural gas, and to temporarily store product until it can be brought to shore for refining and marketing. Mostly the platform has facilities to house the workforce crew as well. Depending on the circumstances, the platform may be fixed to the ocean floor, may consist of an artificial island, or may float. 2.1.1 Management and Structures Piper Alpha receives and sends to the shore the oil and gas production of a group of platforms, Tartan and Claymore. Piper Alpha operates 24 hours a day, helicopters ferried crew to deck and from. At its peak, Piper Alpha also produced 10% of total oil production of UK.
2.1.2 The Objectives Of The Management The Piper Alpha Piper was a sea oil production platform operated by Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd to produce oil than later it was upgraded to produce gas as well. It was the hub of network between group of platforms Tartan and Claymore.  3.1 The Industrial ProcessIt is a joint venture of our companies transformed into the OPCAL obtained an oil exploration license and discovered the Piper oilfield located at North Sea, Aberdeen. It commenced fabrication of the platform, onshore and pipeline support structures. Oil production started with about 40,000 m3 of oil per day increasing to 48,000 m3. Later gas recovery module was installed and productions begin. New oil terminal at Flotta in the Orkney Islands to receive and process oil from the fields Piper, Claymore and Tartan, each with separate platform. One thirty inch (0.762 m)...